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You here:  Main Reports Summary of Remarks by Director of the Department of production and processing and Plant Safety MA Asilbekova for the spring field work

Summary of Remarks by Director of the Department of production and processing and Plant Safety MA Asilbekova for the spring field work

Dear participants of the brigade and FINGO!

It is well known that the timely and proper conduct of the sowing campaign is the key to the future of high yield. Before you were CEO of the Research Institute of Grain Farming. AI Barayev Kaskarbaev Zheksenbai Aytoshevich about the features of the spring sowing this year, and the Head of the agro-meteorological forecasts, “KazHydroMet” RSE Mukanov Erbolat Nahypovich of agro-meteorological conditions of this year. Now, let me brief stop on the measures taken to prepare for and carry out this important responsibility campaign in the cycle of seasonal work industry Crop.

First. On the structure of sown areas.

According to preliminary information departments of agriculture areas in 2015 crops will be located on an area of over 21.5 million. Hectares, which is 0.1 million. Ha more than in 2014.
Square spring sowing is projected at 18.5 million. Ha.
Crops will be placed on an area of about 15.2 million. Ha, including wheat – about 12.2 million. Ha.
As part of the President’s instructions to diversify crop acreage is expected to decline to a level area of wheat in 2014 at 235 thousand. Ha (2%), rice – by 8.5 thous. Ha (9%) due to the expansion of the areas zernofurazhnyh, legumes and cereals – 104 thous. ha (4%).
Oilseeds planned to place 2.2 million hectares. Fodder – by 3.7 mln. Ha with an increase in the level of 2014 to 349 thousand. Ha.
Overall, the planned total sown area of crops corresponds Indicative envisaged memorandum between the Ministry of Agriculture and akimat of the region, and for oilseeds, fodder and melons exceeds, respectively, in the 300 thousand hectares. 232 thous. Ha and 19 thousand. Ha.

Second. About diversification acreage.

It is envisaged by reducing the area of wheat, water-intensive crops (cotton, rice) and introduction into circulation of fallow lands acreage extension zernofurazhnyh, pulses, oilseeds and forage crops.
In addition, in order to encourage diversification reduced rate of wheat production subsidies and subsidies to set differentiated standards, with priority crops for each region.
Also, work has begun on the implementation of mechanisms for the rational use of land, which will be provided by a requirement for crop rotation crops. Currently, the Ministry of National Economy to the Ministry of Agriculture of the suggestions, a draft of the new Rules of rational use of agricultural land.
As a result, we managed to balance the supply and demand for wheat, eliminate preconditions for the emergence of dumping prices.
In order to promote the expansion of cultivated areas of priority crops in accordance with the program “Agribusiness 2020” increases the volume of allocated funds for their state support. So, this year on subsidizing the production of priority crops directed 34.7 billion. Tenge, which is 1.9 times more than in 2013. In addition, starting this year to carry out investment projects to subsidize construction of new and expansion of existing enterprises for processing of oilseeds, cereals, grain processing.

Third. Application vlagoresursosberegayuschey technologies.

One requirement of modern zemleledliya is the maximum resource conservation and environmental safety. In this regard, Kazakhstan pays great attention to the introduction vlagoresursosberegayuschey technology that helps improve soil fertility, increase productivity and increase crop production, preservation of the environment.
In addition, the transition to this technology enables increased productivity, reduce the need for manpower and technology to shorten the field work, to raise agricultural incomes, improve the social conditions of rural workers.
In recent years, the positive dynamics of the use of resource-saving technologies. Thus, over the last 5 years (compared with 2009) of the area of cultivation of crops with the use of this technology has increased by 2.5 million. Hectares and amounted in 2014 12.9 million. Hectares, covering 84% of the grain wedge.
Today in the republic there are 3.3 thousand. Units. sowing complexes, 33.0 thous. units. stubble seeders, 2.3 thousand. units. sprayers, 12.0 thous. units. Combine harvesters (latest version). Existing seeding equipment enough to sow with resrusosberegayuschey technology about 12.7 million. Ha.
In order to encourage the purchase of agricultural machinery and the provision of financial support to agricultural producers under the program “Agribusiness 2020” in 2013 by the Ministry at the expense of the republican budget implementing a program to reduce the cost of interest rate on leasing of agricultural machinery.
The program provides subsidies for interest rates on leasing of agricultural machinery with a maximum interest rate of 14.0% per annum, while 7% is compensated for by the national budget, and 7% is paid by the lessee.
In addition, in 2012 for agricultural producers of the Republic implemented a new product “Leasing program” Harvest. ” Under this program, aimed at supporting small farmers, agricultural producers have the opportunity to purchase cleaning equipment leased under the simplified scheme by joint-stock company “KazAgroFinance”.
Cleaning equipment issued under the terms of 12.8% per annum. The state subsidized 7% of overall funding. Thus, the final rate on leasing of agricultural machinery in the Company “KazAgroFinance” will be 5.8% instead of 12.8% per annum.
The program “Agribusiness 2020” in 2014 to subsidize the cost of herbicides, including glyphosate (about 90% of the allocated funds) allocated 10.8 bln. Tenge to subsidize 12.8 million. Liters of herbicides, processed 13.8 mln. ha.
In order to ensure the needs of agricultural producers in glyphosate herbicides in 2020 is expected to increase subsidies for herbicides to 29.5 bn. Or by 3.8 times in comparison with 2013 year.

Fourth. The financing of spring sowing.

This year, for spring field work allocated budget loan in the amount of 60 bln. Tenge for on-lending to farmers, which is 20 bln. More than last year. The loan is distributed in the form of loans between the second-tier banks in the total amount of 34.9 billion. Tenge and two operators to conduct activities in support of the agro-industrial complex is the subjects: Food Corporation – 17.6 bln. Tenge, the Agricultural Credit Corporation – 7,5 bln. .
As of April 13 this year issued to agricultural producers 47.0 bn., including due to budgetary loan – 43.6 billion. tenge (including second-tier banks – 25.2 billion. tenge, the Agricultural Credit Corporation – 6.6 bln. tenge, Food Corporation – 11.8 billion. tenge), extra-budgetary sources – 3.4 bln. tenge.
Under a forward purchase of wheat and barley, carried out by Food Corporation, April 13 funded applications worth more than 11.8 billion. Tenge.
For these purposes will be used 3.5 billion. Tenge of budgetary funds allocated to the Food Corporation of spring-summer financing (the program purchase of grain in state resources).
In addition, subsidies for the industry in the current crop year is sent about 78.2 billion. Tenge.

Fifth. On the seed supply

According to the Regional Department of Agriculture for the harvest of 2015 covered with about 2.1 million. Tons of cereal seeds. In the four regions had a deficit of cereal seeds in the amount of 162.5 thous. Tonnes (Aktobe region – 7.6 thous. Tons, the West Kazakhstan – 3,7 thous. Tons, Kostanai – 114.0 ths. Tons North Kazakhstan – 37.2 ths. tons). This deficit made up by 100% due to intraregional, interregional exchange program and forward purchase of wheat.
As of April 10 this year tested 1.95 million. tons of cereal seeds or 94% of the buried, of them were conditionally 1.91 million. tons, or 98% to checked.

Sixth. On the readiness of equipment and provision of fuel and lubricants

At the beginning of 2015 in the country available in 154 thousand. Tractors, 44 thousand. Harvesters, about 91 thousand. Seeders, 334 thousand. Tillers, 5 thousand. Sprayers, 3.3 thousand. Modern high seeding complexes.
At the same time over the past 5 years (2000-2014 years), bought 28 thousand. Units of agricultural machinery for the amount of 280.0 bln., Including 9.2 thous. Tractors, 5.1 thousand. Harvesters, sowing complexes 822, 483 sprayers, 1.8 thousand. forage equipment. Of this amount acquired through “KazAgroFinance” JSC for leasing 15.0 thousand. Units. equipment worth 151.0 bln. tenge.
In general, the amount of available technology allows for sowing and harvesting within the agro-technical terms (grain crops – within 15 days, the harvest – 18-20 days). At the same time over the past 10 years, high-performance sowing complex sown about 60% of the sown area, combine harvesters, last modification of about 70% of the harvesting areas.
In the republic the pace of preparation of agricultural machinery are on the same level as last year. As of April 1 of this year the readiness of tractors is 93%, planters – 96%, sowing complexes – 99%, cultivators – 92%, refueling drills – 91%.
In order to ensure timely implementation of spring-field works in 2015 to determine the necessary amount of diesel fuel in the amount of 366 thous. Tons. In February-March, the price of diesel fuel in the regions of delivery SKHTP picked about 81 tenge / liter when the market price of 99 tenge / liter at the gas station.
In January-April delivery planned 272 thousand. Tons of diesel fuel. As of April 13 this year operators of the region produced 135.1 thousand payment. tons of diesel fuel (50% of the plan), vendors shipped 111.5 thousand. tons of diesel fuel (41%). In addition to the free market it acquired 35.3 thousand. Tons of diesel fuel.

Seventh. Concerning application of chemicals industry.

Over the past five years (2010-2014) in the whole country entered in the active substance 495 thousand. Tons of mineral fertilizers (in 2010 – 78.4 thousand. Tons, in 2011 – 87.2 thousand. Tons, in 2012 – 129.6 ths. tons in 2013 – 84.5 thousand. tons, in 2014 – 114.9 thous. tonnes). The volume of subsidies to cheaper cost of fertilizers increased from 4.1 bn. In 2011 to 8.4 bn. In 2014.
In this regard, according to the program “Agribusiness 2020” is taking measures to increase the volume of subsidies allocated for the promotion of mineral fertilizers. So, this year for these purposes is sent 15.9 billion. Tenge, which will ensure the supply of 269 thousand. Tons of mineral fertilizers in bulk, and in 2020, respectively 24.5 billion. Tenge and 413 thousand. Tonnes.
The volumes of chemical treatment of crops against pests, plant diseases and weeds. In 2014, herbicides against weeds carried out on an area of 13.8 million hectares. Against pests and diseases of crops – by 7.5 mln. Ha, including against rust and Septoria crops – 1.7 million. Ha. Share strongly weedy crops to the total area was 16.8%, down 6.6 percentage points lower than in 2009. Square, clogged quarantine weed Gorchakov, compared to 2009 decreased by 15%.
In the current year, the cheaper the cost of herbicides is sent 11 billion. Tenge, which will ensure the supply of 14.8 million. Liters of herbicides, and in 2020 19.1 bln. Tenge and 28.4 million. Liters.
According to the forecast in 2015 is expected to develop and spread of particularly dangerous pests into the area of 7.3 million hectares. Including locusts – on 3.9 million hectares. gray grain shovels – 0.9 million hectares. Septoria and rust crops – 2.3 million. ha. To carry out the struggle with them out of the national budget allocated 6.2 bln. Tenge, allowing chemical control in the area of about 6.0 million. Ha.

Eighth. Infrastructure storage and undermining grains and oilseeds

Currently, the country has 216 licensed HPP with a total storage capacity of 14.1 million. Tons. In addition, agricultural units are silos at 11.1 million. Tons. Thus, the total storage capacity up 25.2 million. Tons, which is sufficient for the storage of grain in years with an average yield. At the same time from a specified power ___ mln. Tonnes software allows acceptance, part-time and storage of oilseeds.
At the same time, in good years, such as 2009, 2011 years, there is a lack of them, which creates problems in providing quantitative and qualitative safety of grain. With this in mind, steps are being taken to expand the capacity of grain storage. Over the past five years (2010-2014) commissioned new facilities for the storage of grain of about 2.0 million. Tonnes, including 0.5 mln. Tons from the budget of the Holding KazAgro. In the long term up to 2020 it is planned to expand the capacity of grain for 1.5 million. Tons.
According to the regional department of agriculture subjects of agroindustrial complex of the republic in 2015 it is planned to build and put into operation 280 thousand. Tonnes of grain storage containers.
Ministry of Agriculture in order to stimulate investment flows (including foreign), reduce capital intensity and payback period being built storage facilities in 2014 implemented a program investitsionnogosubsidirovaniya to reimburse part of the costs incurred by the subjects of agriculture in the investments in which reimbursed 20% of the cost of an acquisition process The equipment for granaries, providing acceptance, part drying, storage, internal handling and shipment of grain.
At the moment agricultural organizations and enterprises of the republic grain-dryers has 739, of which more than 60% of Russian production. The total capacity of the existing dryers is 207.0 thous. Tons per shift, 6.2 mln. Tonnes per season (for 1 month). In recent years, it acquired a year annual average of about 30 units of grain dryers, half of them in Russia. In order to encourage the purchase of agricultural machinery and technological equipment (including grain drying units), starting in 2013, realized at the expense of the republican budget program for cheaper interest rate on leasing of agricultural machinery and equipment.
A evyatoe. On the development of fodder production
Necessary measures for the development of fodder production, an increase in acreage of forage crops and fodder production. Since 2007, the production of fodder crops, which are universally prioritized grants are allocated for working capital needed for the purchase of fuel and lubricants, fertilizers, herbicides and other commodity-material resources. State subsidies are also provided to support the production of elite seeds of forage crops. In 2014, for these purposes has been allocated a total of about 7.7 bln. Tenge. The ratio of subsidies per 1 ha of forage crops ranged from 3,000 tenge to 45000 tenge.
In addition, beginning in 2014 carried out the investment subsidies for the creation and expansion of enterprises / farms with compensation for forage production up to 50% of the project cost, as well as pasture irrigation infrastructure (80% of the cost).
The result of the measures taken by the area of forage crops compared to 2011 increased by 700 thousand. Hectares and amounted in 2014 to 3.3 million. Ha with a share of 15.5% against 12.4%.During these years, the area of perennial grasses increased by 313.0 thousand. Ha, or 14%.
Despite the adverse weather conditions in 2014, is made up of hay on 106% silage – 111% silage – 100%, is allocated to meet the needs of 3.5 million livestock. Tonnes of straw.
In 2015, fodder crops will be placed on an area of about 3.7 million. Ha, up 350.0 thousand. Ha, or 11% more than in 2014. At the same silage crops are sown on an area of 90 thousand hectares. Annual herbs – 676 thousand. Ha, perennial grass crops in view of the past years will be placed on an area of 2.9 million. Ha.
Progress in the spring field work
Currently, the areas of the southern region, is carried out in full swing spring-field works. As of April 14 this year mulching carried out on an area of 644 thous. ha (55%), pre-processing – 433 thous. ha (31%), spring plowing – 674 thous. ha (70%).
Planting of spring crops conducted in the area of 175 thousand. Ha (42%), oil – 55 thousand. Ha (15%), perennial grasses (alfalfa) – 71 thousand. Ha (64%), potatoes – 10.6 thous. ha (118%), vegetables – by 26 thous. ha (29%), melons – by 16 thousand. ha (27%).
Rezumiruya said it should be noted that in the whole country work on the preparations for the spring sowing campaign in view of the preparation of seeds, technology, financing, fuel and lubricants conducted as planned. In turn, this will foster a spring sowing in time up to the agrotechnical level.

Thank you for attention!


Summary of Remarks by Director of the Department of production and processing and Plant Safety Asilbekova MA At a briefing in the Ministry of Agriculture
for spring field work in 2015

(April 15, 2015, 15.00. H)

Dear participants birfinga!


It is well known that the timely and proper conduct of the sowing campaign is the key to the future of high yield. Before you were CEO of the Research Institute of Grain Farming. AI Barayev Kaskarbaev Zheksenbai Aytoshevich about the features of the spring sowing this year, and the Head of the agro-meteorological forecasts, RSE “Kazgidromet” Iskakov Erganat Amanzholovich of agro-meteorological conditions of this year. Now, let me brief stop on the measures taken to prepare for and carry out this important responsibility campaign in the cycle of seasonal work industry Crop.

First. On the structure of sown areas.

According to preliminary information departments of agriculture areas in 2015 crops will be located on an area of over 21.5 million. Hectares, which is 0.1 million. Ha more than in 2014.
Square spring sowing is projected at 18.5 million. Ha.
Crops will be placed on an area of about 15.2 million. Ha, including wheat – about 12.2 million. Ha.
As part of the President’s instructions to diversify crop acreage is expected to decline to a level area of wheat in 2014 at 235 thousand. Ha (2%), rice – by 8.5 thous. Ha (9%) due to the expansion of the areas zernofurazhnyh, legumes and cereals – 104 thous. ha (4%).
Oilseeds planned to place 2.2 million hectares. Fodder – by 3.7 mln. Ha with an increase in the level of 2014 to 349 thousand. Ha.
Overall, the planned total sown area of crops corresponds Indicative envisaged memorandum between the Ministry of Agriculture and akimat of the region, and for oilseeds, fodder and melons exceeds, respectively, in the 300 thousand hectares. 232 thous. Ha and 19 thousand. Ha.

Second. About diversification acreage.

In order to avoid negative impacts of monoculture wheat is taking steps to diversify the structure of sown areas. In this connection in 2012 between the Ministry of Agriculture, regional akimat, Holding “KazAgro” and the joint-stock company “KazAgroInnovation” were signed memorandums of diversifying cropping patterns, providing by reducing the area of wheat, water-intensive crops (cotton, rice) and introduction into circulation fallow lands acreage extension zernofurazhnyh, pulses, oilseeds and forage crops.
In addition, in order to encourage diversification reduced rate of wheat production subsidies and subsidies to set differentiated standards, with priority crops for each region.
Also, work has begun on the implementation of mechanisms for the rational use of land, which will be provided by a requirement for crop rotation crops. Currently, the Ministry of National Economy to the Ministry of Agriculture of the suggestions, a draft of the new Rules of rational use of agricultural land.
The result of the measures taken in 2014 by area of wheat compared to 2011 decreased by more than 1.4 million. Ha and was 12.4 million. Ha. The share of wheat in the total crop fell to 57.7% from 65.2% in 2011.
Areas of oilseeds compared with 2011 increased by about 0.5 million. Hectares and amounted in 2014 to 2.3 million. Ha. The share of their increased from 8.6% in 2011 to 10.7% in 2014. Similarly, the area of forage crops increased by 0.7 million. Hectares and amounted to 3.3 mln. Ha with a share of 15.5% against 12.4%. During those years also increased the area of potatoes by 1.3 thousand. Ha (0.7%), vegetables – by 9.5 thous. Ha (7.4%), melons – by 21.3 thous. Ha (31, 4%).
As a result, we managed to balance the supply and demand for wheat, eliminate preconditions for the emergence of dumping prices.
At the same time this year in a number of areas of non-compliance with performance indicators planned memorandums. So, the whole country is expected to lag indicators memoranda on other crops (grain feed, legumes, cereals) on the area of 303 thousand hectares. Potato – 3,5 thousand hectares. Soya – 15 thousand. Ha, rapeseed – 30 thous. Ha , silage crops – 102 thousand. ha.
Compared with last year planned reduction of the cultivated area of oilseeds, oats, almost absent in the structure of crops such tsenye legumes like beans, lentils, and others.
In order to promote the expansion of cultivated areas of priority crops in accordance with the program “Agribusiness 2020” increases the volume of allocated funds for their state support. So, this year on subsidizing the production of priority crops directed 34.7 billion. Tenge, which is 1.9 times more than in 2013. In addition, starting this year to carry out investment projects to subsidize construction of new and expansion of existing enterprises for processing of oilseeds, cereals, grain processing.

Third. Application vlagoresursosberegayuschey technologies.

One requirement of modern zemleledliya is the maximum resource conservation and environmental safety. In this regard, Kazakhstan pays great attention to the introduction vlagoresursosberegayuschey technology that helps improve soil fertility, increase productivity and increase crop production, preservation of the environment.
In addition, the transition to this technology enables increased productivity, reduce the need for manpower and technology to shorten the field work, to raise agricultural incomes, improve the social conditions of rural workers.
In recent years, the positive dynamics of the use of resource-saving technologies. Thus, over the last 5 years (compared with 2009) of the area of cultivation of crops with the use of this technology has increased by 2.5 million. Hectares and amounted in 2014 12.9 million. Hectares, covering 84% of the grain wedge.
At the same time in 2014 the zero technology has been applied in the Republic by 2.6 million. Ha (17%).In Akmola and Pavlodar oblasts zero technology was used only 12% of grain crops, North Kazakhstan – 16%.
Today in the republic there are 3.3 thousand. Units. sowing complexes, 33.0 thous. units. stubble seeders, 2.3 thousand. units. sprayers, 12.0 thous. units. Combine harvesters (latest version). Existing seeding equipment enough to sow with resrusosberegayuschey technology about 12.7 million. Ha.
In order to encourage the purchase of agricultural machinery and the provision of financial support to agricultural producers under the program “Agribusiness 2020” in 2013 by the Ministry at the expense of the republican budget implementing a program to reduce the cost of interest rate on leasing of agricultural machinery.
The program provides subsidies for interest rates on leasing of agricultural machinery with a maximum interest rate of 14.0% per annum, while 7% is compensated for by the national budget, and 7% is paid by the lessee.
In addition, in 2012 for agricultural producers of the Republic implemented a new product “Leasing program” Harvest. ” Under this program, aimed at supporting small farmers, agricultural producers have the opportunity to purchase cleaning equipment leased under the simplified scheme by joint-stock company “KazAgroFinance”.
Cleaning equipment issued under the terms of 12.8% per annum. The state subsidized 7% of overall funding. Thus, the final rate on leasing of agricultural machinery in the Company “KazAgroFinance” will be 5.8% instead of 12.8% per annum.
The program “Agribusiness 2020” in 2014 to subsidize the cost of herbicides, including glyphosate (about 90% of the allocated funds) allocated 10.8 bln. Tenge to subsidize 12.8 million. Liters of herbicides, processed 13.8 mln. ha.
In order to ensure the needs of agricultural producers in glyphosate herbicides in 2020 is expected to increase subsidies for herbicides to 29.5 bn. Or by 3.8 times in comparison with 2013 year.

Fourth. The financing of spring sowing.

This year, for spring field work allocated budget loan in the amount of 60 bln. Tenge for on-lending to farmers, which is 20 bln. More than last year. The loan is distributed in the form of loans between the second-tier banks in the total amount of 34.9 billion. Tenge and two operators to conduct activities in support of the agro-industrial complex is the subjects: Food Corporation – 17.6 bln. Tenge, the Agricultural Credit Corporation – 7,5 bln. .
As of April 10 this year issued to agricultural producers 46.6 billion. tenge, including due to budgetary loan – 43.3 billion. tenge (including second-tier banks – 21.9 billion. tenge, the Agricultural Credit Corporation – 6.5 bln. tenge, Food Corporation – 11.6 billion. tenge), extra-budgetary sources – 3.3 bln. tenge.
Under a forward purchase of wheat and barley, carried out by Food Corporation, March 30 funded applications worth more than 11.6 billion. Tenge.
For these purposes will be used 3.5 billion. Tenge of budgetary funds allocated to the Food Corporation of spring-summer financing (the program purchase of grain in state resources).
In addition, subsidies for the industry in the current crop year is sent about 78.2 billion. Tenge.
Reference:
1) on subsidizing the production of priority crops – 34.7 billion. Tenge;
2) the tab, and the cultivation of fruit crops and grapes – 3.4 bln. Tenge;
3) the cheapening of the cost of fertilizers and herbicides – 27.0 bln. Tenge;
4) the delivery of irrigation water – 1.6 bln. Tenge;
5) on the assessment of the quality of cotton – 0.5 bln. Tenge;
6) on the development of seed – 4.5 bln. Tenge;
7) on the definition of variety and sowing qualities of seeds and planting materials – 0.5 bln. Tenge;
8) at cheaper interest rates on leasing of agricultural machinery – 6,0 bln. Tenge.

Fifth. On the seed supply

According to the Regional Department of Agriculture for the harvest of 2015 covered with about 2.0 mln. Tons of cereal seeds, representing 94% of the needs.
In the four regions had a deficit of cereal seeds in the amount of 162.5 thous. Tonnes (Aktobe region – 7.6 thous. Tons, the West Kazakhstan – 3,7 thous. Tons, Kostanai – 114.0 ths. Tons North Kazakhstan – 37.2 ths. tons). This deficit made up by 100% due to intraregional, interregional exchange program and forward purchase of wheat.
As of April 1 of this year It tested 1.8 million. tons of cereal seeds, or 91% of the falling asleep of them were conditionally 1.75 million. tons, or 98% to checked.

Sixth. On the readiness of equipment and provision of fuel and lubricants

At the beginning of 2015 in the country available in 154 thousand. Tractors, 44 thousand. Harvesters, about 91 thousand. Seeders, 334 thousand. Tillers, 5 thousand. Sprayers, 3.3 thousand. Modern high seeding complexes.
At the same time over the past 5 years (2000-2014 years), bought 28 thousand. Units of agricultural machinery for the amount of 280.0 bln., Including 9.2 thous. Tractors, 5.1 thousand. Harvesters, sowing complexes 822, 483 sprayers, 1.8 thousand. forage equipment. Of this amount acquired through “KazAgroFinance” JSC for leasing 15.0 thousand. Units. equipment worth 151.0 bln. tenge.
In general, the amount of available technology allows for sowing and harvesting within the agro-technical terms (grain crops – within 15 days, the harvest – 18-20 days). At the same time over the past 10 years, high-performance sowing complex sown about 60% of the sown area, combine harvesters, last modification of about 70% of the harvesting areas.
In the republic the pace of preparation of agricultural machinery are on the same level as last year. As of April 1 of this year the readiness of tractors is 93%, planters – 96%, sowing complexes – 99%, cultivators – 92%, refueling drills – 91%.
In order to ensure timely implementation of spring-field works in 2015 to determine the necessary amount of diesel fuel in the amount of 366 thous. Tons. In February-March, the price of diesel fuel in the regions of delivery SKHTP picked about 81 tenge / liter when the market price of 99 tenge / liter at the gas station.
In January-April delivery planned 272 thousand. Tons of diesel fuel. As of 8 April this year operators of the region produced 121 thousand payment. tons of diesel fuel (44% of the plan), vendors shipped 104 thous. tons of diesel fuel (38%).

Seventh. Concerning application of chemicals industry.

Over the past five years (2010-2014) in the whole country entered in the active substance 495 thousand. Tons of mineral fertilizers (in 2010 – 78.4 thousand. Tons, in 2011 – 87.2 thousand. Tons, in 2012 – 129.6 ths. tons in 2013 – 84.5 thousand. tons, in 2014 – 114.9 thous. tonnes). The volume of subsidies to cheaper cost of fertilizers increased from 4.1 bn. In 2011 to 8.4 bn. In 2014.
Under the 2014 harvest made about 115 thousand. Tons of mineral fertilizers in the active substance, which exceeds the level of 2009 by 60 thous. Tons, or 2 times the area of crops fertilized compared to 2009 increased by 48%. Thus on 1 hectare of fertilized area made about 74 kg of fertilizer, which exceeds the level of 2009 by 40%.
At the same time in many places poorly staged work to improve the fertility of the soil: in 2014 in Akmola region of fertilizers was made 5.9% of the needs of the East Kazakhstan – 4.9%, Pavlodar – 3.5%.In most areas the proportion is low soiled areas of crops. In 2014 in the republic fertilizers have been made on the area of about 1.6 million. Hectares, which is 7.4% of the total area of crops. The indicator in the East Kazakhstan region was 2.7%, Zhambyl – 2.5% of the Pavlodar – 2.1% of the West Kazakhstan region – only 0.4%.
In this regard, according to the program “Agribusiness 2020” is taking measures to increase the volume of subsidies allocated for the promotion of mineral fertilizers. So, this year for these purposes is sent 15.9 billion. Tenge, which will ensure the supply of 269 thousand. Tons of mineral fertilizers in bulk, and in 2020, respectively 24.5 billion. Tenge and 413 thousand. Tonnes.
The volumes of chemical treatment of crops against pests, plant diseases and weeds. In 2014, herbicides against weeds carried out on an area of 13.8 million hectares. Against pests and diseases of crops – by 7.5 mln. Ha, including against rust and septorioznyh diseases of cereal crops – 1.7 million. Ha . Share strongly weedy crops to the total area was 16.8%, down 6.6 percentage points lower than in 2009.Square, clogged quarantine weed Gorchakov, compared to 2009 decreased by 15%.
In the current year, the cheaper the cost of herbicides is sent 11 billion. Tenge, which will ensure the supply of 14.8 million. Liters of herbicides, and in 2020 19.1 bln. Tenge and 28.4 million. Liters.
According to the forecast in 2015 is expected to develop and spread of particularly dangerous pests into the area of 7.3 million hectares. Including locusts – on 3.9 million hectares. gray grain shovels – 0.9 million hectares. Septoria and rust crops – 2.3 million. ha. To carry out the struggle with them out of the national budget allocated 6.2 bln. Tenge, allowing chemical control in the area of about 6.0 million. Ha.

Eighth. Infrastructure storage and undermining grains and oilseeds

Currently, the country has 216 licensed HPP with a total storage capacity of 14.1 million. Tons. In addition, agricultural units are silos at 11.1 million. Tons. Thus, the total storage capacity up 25.2 million. Tons, which is sufficient for the storage of grain in years with an average yield. At the same time from a specified power ___ mln. Tonnes software allows acceptance, part-time and storage of oilseeds.
At the same time, in good years, such as 2009, 2011 years, there is a lack of them, which creates problems in providing quantitative and qualitative safety of grain. With this in mind, steps are being taken to expand the capacity of grain storage. Over the past five years (2010-2014) commissioned new facilities for the storage of grain of about 2.0 million. Tonnes, including 0.5 mln. Tons from the budget of the Holding KazAgro. In the long term up to 2020 it is planned to expand the capacity of grain for 1.5 million. Tons.
According to the regional department of agriculture subjects of agroindustrial complex of the republic in 2015 it is planned to build and put into operation 280 thousand. Tonnes of grain storage containers.
Ministry of Agriculture in order to stimulate investment flows (including foreign), reduce capital intensity and payback period being built storage facilities in 2014 implemented a program investitsionnogosubsidirovaniya to reimburse part of the costs incurred by the subjects of agriculture in the investments in which reimbursed 20% of the cost of an acquisition process The equipment for granaries, providing acceptance, part drying, storage, internal handling and shipment of grain.
At the moment agricultural organizations and enterprises of the republic grain-dryers has 739, of which more than 60% of Russian production. The total capacity of the existing dryers is 207.0 thous. Tons per shift, 6.2 mln. Tonnes per season (for 1 month). In recent years, it acquired a year annual average of about 30 units of grain dryers, half of them in Russia. In order to encourage the purchase of agricultural machinery and technological equipment (including grain drying units), starting in 2013, realized at the expense of the republican budget program for cheaper interest rate on leasing of agricultural machinery and equipment.
A evyatoe. On the development of fodder production
Necessary measures for the development of fodder production, an increase in acreage of forage crops and fodder production. Since 2007, the production of fodder crops, which are universally prioritized grants are allocated for working capital needed for the purchase of fuel and lubricants, fertilizers, herbicides and other commodity-material resources. State subsidies are also provided to support the production of elite seeds of forage crops. In 2014, for these purposes has been allocated a total of about 7.7 bln. Tenge. The ratio of subsidies per 1 ha of forage crops ranged from 3,000 tenge to 45000 tenge.
In addition, beginning in 2014 carried out the investment subsidies for the creation and expansion of enterprises / farms with compensation for forage production up to 50% of the project cost, as well as pasture irrigation infrastructure (80% of the cost).
The result of the measures taken by the area of forage crops compared to 2011 increased by 700 thousand. Hectares and amounted in 2014 to 3.3 million. Ha with a share of 15.5% against 12.4%.During these years, the area of perennial grasses increased by 313.0 thousand. Ha, or 14%.
Despite the adverse weather conditions in 2014, is made up of hay on 106% silage – 111% silage – 100%, is allocated to meet the needs of 3.5 million livestock. Tonnes of straw.
In 2015, fodder crops will be placed on an area of about 3.7 million. Ha, up 350.0 thousand. Ha, or 11% more than in 2014. At the same silage crops are sown on an area of 90 thousand hectares. Annual herbs – 676 thousand. Ha, perennial grass crops in view of the past years will be placed on an area of 2.9 million. Ha.
Progress in the spring field work
Currently, the areas of the southern region, is carried out in full swing spring-field works. As of April 10 this year mulching carried out on an area of 590 thousand. ha (45%), pre-processing – 386 thousand. ha (29%), spring plowing – 644 thous. ha (66%).
Planting of spring crops conducted in the area of 159 thous. Ha (35%), oil – 50 thousand. Ha (14%), perennial grasses (alfalfa) – 62 thousand. Ha (60%), potatoes – by 8.1 thous. ha (13%), vegetables – by 23 thous. ha (25%), melons – by 12 thousand. ha (21%).
The situation on the supply of moisture
According to the country’s hydrometeorological autumn 2014 on the territory of the republic is characterized by a sufficient amount of rainfall. Satisfactory rainfall fell in the winter. The snow cover in the north of the country amounted to 54 cm, in the west and east – up to 34 cm, 1-48 cm in the center, in the mountainous regions of 63-82 cm, in the south up to 5 cm in some places, and in the south-east of 0-35 See, in the mountain area 62-64 cm. The whole country snow depth background on the stubble, except Akmola and Kostanai regions was higher than last year.
As a result, moisture reserves in the period of spring field work in 2015 in all regions are expected to be satisfactory in the main and best in the first meter of soil.
Monthly rainfall in April is expected near normal in the North-Kazakhstan region in western Kazakhstan, Aktobe, Kostanay region, in the mountainous regions of South Kazakhstan, Zhambyl, Almaty and East Kazakhstan region, less than normal – in the remaining territory.
Reference. In the West Kazakhstan region moisture reserves in the soil are expected in the range of 52-64% of the lowest field capacity, or approximately 85-130 mm, which is satisfactory because of precipitation during autumn and winter.
In Aktobe region optimum moisture conditions are expected in Chromtau kargaly district and 81-104% of the lowest field capacity, the rest of the moisture reserves are projected within 63-79% of the lowest field capacity that is satisfactory condition.
In Akmola region optimum moisture reserves are expected in Astrakhan, Sandyktau, Zerenda and Tselinograd districts 83-133% of the lowest field capacity (125-260 mm), the rest of the region within the 62-80% of the lowest field capacity (115-175 mm).
In the North-Kazakhstan oblast terms of moisture in the first meter of soil expected to be within 81-234% of the lowest field capacity, such conditions are assessed as optimal.
In Kostanai region optimum moisture reserves in the range 81-108% of the lowest field capacity (130-210 mm) are expected Sarykol, Uzunkolskom Fedorov areas as well as places in the area Mendygarinskom. In other areas, satisfactory moisture conditions are forecast in the range of 61-79% of the lowest field capacity (100-175 mm).
In Pavlodar region moisture conditions are forecast in the range 56-79% of the lowest field capacity (70-125 mm), which is assessed as satisfactory condition. Optimum moisture reserves are expected in the area Aktogay least 90% of field capacity (95-105 mm).
In Karaganda region the optimum moisture reserves in the range 88-110% of the lowest field capacity (105-160 mm) are expected in Abai and Osakarov areas and in the territory of Bukhara-Zhirauskogo area. In other areas, satisfactory moisture reserves are projected 62-73% of the lowest field capacity (120-180 mm).
In the East Kazakhstan region the optimum moisture conditions are predicted in Shemonaikha, Kokpekty, Glubokovsky Zyryanovsky areas and 81-105% of the lowest field capacity (130-185 mm) and satisfactory 65-74 from the lowest field capacity (90-145 mm) in Borodulikha, Urzharskom and Katonkaragay District.
In Zhambyl region mainly due to plentiful rainfall in the autumn and winter predicted optimum moisture reserves in the first meter of soil in the range 85-102% of the lowest field capacity (140-220 mm).
In South Kazakhstan region are expected optimum moisture conditions for the period of spring sowing 88-145% of the lowest field capacity (115-290 mm), with the exception of Ordabasy district, where the expected satisfactory vlagozapasy79% of the lowest field capacity (230-240 mm) .
In Almaty region the optimum moisture conditions 87-131% of the lowest field capacity (150-190 mm) are projected at Sarkand, Panfilov and Eskeldi District and in the vicinity of the weather station Ushtobe Karatal area. In other areas expected satisfactory moisture reserves 51-70% of the lowest field capacity (45-145 mm).
Spring field work in 2015 at a press briefing in Awılşarmïninde on crop production and processing, and the Director of the Department of phytosanitary security
MA Äsilbekovtıñ word speeches

(April 15, 2015, at 15.00.)

Dear participants of the briefing!


Timely and quality sowing season, all of us can guarantee the future of high-performance vision. Your AIDirector General of the Research Institute of grain Barayev Qasqarbaev Zheksenbai Aytoşulınıñ about the features of the current spring sowing and “Kazgidromet” The minister of the Department of Agro meteorological forecasts Mukhanov RSE Naqıpulınıñ agro-meteorological listen to the information on the situation of the current year. Now I am in charge of agricultural seasonal work in the field of the measures taken to ensure the preparation and conduct of the campaign, let me stopped short.

First. The structure of the acreage

In 2015, 21.5 million of agricultural crops. ha is planned that 0.1 million more than in 2014. ha. The spring crop area of 18.5 million. ha. Grains 15.2 million. ha, including wheat – 12.2 million. hectares, is located.
Orders of the President of the diversification of the sowing areas of agricultural crops in the framework of the implementation of the 2014 wheat area compared to the level of 235 thousand hectares (2%), 8.5 million hectares of rice (9%) are expected to decline. At the expense of grain and forage legumes and cereal crops in the area of 104 thousand hectares (4%) will be increased.
Oilseeds 2.2 million. ha of forage crops to increase the level of 349 thousand hectares to 3.7 million last year. ha is expected to be placed on the area.
The total sown area of all agricultural crops that are expected between the Ministry and the regional administrations in accordance with the Memorandum of indicators provided, and oil, feed, and a memorandum of vegetables and melons, respectively, in comparison to 300 thousand hectares, 232 thousand hectares and more than 19 thousand hectares.
As a reference. It is expected to comply with indicators in several areas of the memorandums. For example, the total of the other crops (grain and forage legumes and cereals) figure is expected to reach 303 thousand hectares of the memorandum, this is the main part of the Akmola (120 hectares), Karagandy (89 hectares), North Kazakhstan (73 hectares), Ukraine (55 million hectares), East Kazakhstan (54 thousand hectares) belonging to the regions of interest. To the lack of oil-bearing crops, for East Kazakhstan region – 29 thousand hectares of sugar beet in the Almaty region – 10 thousand hectares, forage crops in Akmola region – 63 thousand hectares, Karagandy region – 17 thousand hectares, will be 3 thousand hectares of the region.
Diversification of cultivated areas
The diversification of agricultural crops sowing areas of wheat due to the low rate of subsequent years, the country remains the sole daqıldığı, this leads to the production of more years of high grain yield. As a result, in the capacity of an elevator and there is a shortage of grain cars as a result of the movement of grain, grain exporters to subsidize the cost of transportation, the purchase of grain on the market more than is necessary to allocate a significant budget funds for the organization.
As a reference. subsidize the export of grain in 2010-2012 and 41.5 billion from the national budget to move within the country. mln will be spent for the formation of a competitive production market will lead to the distortion of the signal.
In addition, based on the diversification of the lower rate of introduction of crop rotation, to maintain and increase the fertility of the soil, livestock feed, do not provide the raw materials for processing.
In this regard, the export market due to the limited availability of local landowners and the revision of the volume of grain production in the domestic market and export potential of the country (taking into account some of the traditional markets and new markets in China) to the extent necessary to ensure that production, and in addition to the cost-effective alternative agricultural crops in the area of free .
November 11, 2011, the President of the agro-industrial complex of wheat in accordance with the instructions given by a national forum in 2012 in order to avoid the negative influence of the individual daqıldığınıñ Awılşarmïni, regional governors, “KazAgro” Holding and “cante” joint-stock company to spend a lot of water for wheat crops (cotton, rice ) at the expense of the land and fallow lands to reduce the circulation of feed grain, legumes and oil-bearing crops and forage crops to increase the diversification of the structure of sown area was signed.
In addition, the reduced rate of subsidizing the production of wheat in order to encourage the diversification of crops and taking into account the priorities of each region were weighted to standards.
As well as the introduction of a mechanism for the effective use of the land started, onımenen will be a mandatory requirement of agricultural crops, beet. Currently, the Ministry of National Economy Awılşarmïniniñ the principle of efficient use of agricultural land to the recommendations of the new project is to be developed.
As a result, wheat acreage has been reduced by more than 1.4 million hectares compared to 2011, amounted to 12.4 million hectares in 2014. At the same time, the share of wheat in the field in 2011 fell to 65.2% from 57.7%.
Oil-bearing crops in 2011 increased by about 0.5 million hectares compared to 2.3 million in 2014.hectares. At the same time, in 2011, their share increased by 8.6% to 10.7% in 2014. The same forage crops in the area of 0.7 million. increased hectares, 3.3 million hectares, the share increased to 12.4% from 15.5%. As well as the years of potato acreage of 1.3 million hectares (0.7%), vegetables area of 9.5 million hectares (7.4%), melons – 21.3 thousand ha (31.4%).
As a result, the balance of supply and demand for wheat prices to avoid anti-dumping and forward agreements to be reached.
Ilğalreswrssaqtaw technology
Resources to ensure maximum compliance with safety and environmental modern farming is one of the main requirements. In this regard, the increase in profitability to improve soil fertility and increase the production of agricultural crops, which will help to preserve the environment pays special attention to the implementation of the ılğalreswrssaqtaw.
In addition, these technologies reduce the need to increase the efficiency of labor and equipment, a reduction of the period of field work, to increase the income of agricultural producers, farmers will have an opportunity to improve the social situation.
In recent years, there has been a positive trend in the use of technology ılğalreswrssaqtaw. For example, for the last five years (compared to 2009), 2.5 million tons of grain crops grown in the area with the use of this technology. ha in 2014 increased by 12.9 million. hectares, which include 84% of the grain field.
In 2014, in conjunction with the zero technology only in the country of 2.6 million people. ha (17%).Akmola and Pavlodar regions, 12% of grain crops zero technology, used in 16% of the North Kazakhstan region.
3.4 thousand units in the country are now sowing complexes, 33 units of the legendary machines, spray 2.3 million units, 12 million units harvesting (modification) processors. The use of existing technology equipment ılğalreswrssaqtaw enough to sow 12.7 million hectares.
To encourage the purchase of agricultural machinery and “Agribusiness – 2020” within the framework of the program since 2013 in order to provide financial support to agricultural commodity producers at the expense of the national budget for agriculture, agricultural machinery leasing program is being implemented to reduce the percentage of compensation.
Agricultural machinery leasing program for the year is expected to be 14.0% of the compensation does not exceed the rate of subsidy shall be repaid at the expense of the national budget, while 7%, and 7% paid by leasing.
In addition to the agricultural producers of the country since 2012, “the field” leasing “is a new product.Within the framework of this program, aimed at supporting small farms and agricultural producers harvesting equipment leasing “Kazagrofinance” joint-stock company with a simplified scheme for the acquisition.
Harvesting equipment is the situation of 12.8% per year. At the same time, government-subsidized rate of 7% of the total financing. Thus, the leasing of agricultural machinery last rate “Kazagrofinance” joint-stock company is 12.8% instead of 5.8%.
“Agribusiness – 2020” in 2014 as part of the program of herbicides, including glyphosate (approximately 90% of the amount allocated) to subsidize the cost of 10.8 billion. 12.8 million allocated. subsidized liters of herbicides 13.8 million. ha were treated.
Agricultural commodity producers of glyphosate herbicides in order to ensure that, by 2020, the amount of subsidy for herbicides 29.5 billion. or the amount is expected to increase by 3.8 times compared to 2013.
The spring sowing campaign financing
This year, the spring sowing of agricultural producers to further lending 60 billion. Budget in the amount of the loan has been allocated 20 billion more than last year. more than the sum. Above in the form of a loan 34.85 billion. the sum total of the second-tier banks for the support of the agricultural activities were divided between two operators: Food Contract Corporation – 17,65 billion. Agricultural Credit Corporation for 7.5 billion tenge. tenge.
This year April 2 agricultural producers 41.1 billion. tenge, including 38.3 billion of the loan due to the budget. tenge (including second-tier banks – 21.9 bn., the Agricultural Credit Corporation – 7.4 bln. Prodkorporacïyamen 9.0 bln.), at the expense of off-budget sources – 2.8 billion. tenge.
Food Contract Corporation for the purchase of wheat from April 2 to 8.0 billion. the amount of more than funded applications.
As well as the public resources for this purpose, the Food Contract Corporation allocated for financing for the purchase of grain in the spring and summer of $ 3.5 billion. tenge will be used.
In addition, 78.2 billion this year to subsidize crop production. directed tenge.
As a reference.
1) subsidizing the production of priority crops – 34.7 billion. tenge;
2) vegetable and fruit crops and grape cultivation and planting of 3.4 billion. tenge;
3) reduce the cost of fertilizers and herbicides – 27.0 billion. tenge;
4) the supply of irrigation water – 1.6 billion. tenge;
5) $ 0.5 billion for the examination of the quality of the cotton. tenge ;
6) the development of the seed industry 4.5 billion. tenge;
7) to determine the quality of the seed sowing and planting materials – 0.5 billion;
8) reduction in the rate of compensation for the leasing of agricultural machinery – 6.0 billion. tenge.
Providing seeds
According to the provincial departments of agriculture production to 2.2 million in 2015. filled with tons of seeds, the requirement is 94%, including 2.0 million tons of grain crops seeds. tons, 50,4 thousand tons of oilseeds, fodder crops – 29.4 thousand tons and 239.6 thousand tons of potatoes.
At the same time, 4 162.5 thousand in the region. tons of grain to prevent a shortage of seeds (Aktobe region – 7.6 thousand tons, the West Kazakhstan region – 3.7 thousand tons, 114,0 thousand tons in Kostanai region, North Kazakhstan region – 37.2 thousand tons). This deficit in intra-regional and inter-regional exchange and forward purchase of wheat by 100% filled.
This year 1.8 million on April 1. tons of grain seeds were tested, 91% of the seeds produced 1.75 million.tons, or 98% of the tested crops were kondïcïyasına.
And training and equipment to ensure fuel
2015 in order to ensure timely sowing of the necessary volume of 366 thousand tons of diesel fuel were found. February and March were approved at the level of 82 thousand tenge per tonne (69 tenge per liter, while the petrol stations is the market price of 99 tenge per liter, the average price of diesel fuel for agricultural producers, taking into account the costs of operators is 81 tenge per liter).
In January-April is expected to 272,7 thousand tons of diesel fuel. This year Operators in the region on April 6, 112.3 thousand tons of diesel fuel (47% of the planned) payment providers, 92.3 thousand tons of diesel fuel (35%) were shipped.
In the beginning of 2015, 154 thousand tractors, dänsepkiş 90 thousand, 334 thousand and 5 thousand spray the soil with 3.4 million complex of modern high-yielding crops.
In general, the pace of agricultural machinery in the country last year.
Readiness of tractors on March 15, 2015, 86% (85% in 2014), dänsepkişter – 87% (in 2014 – 91%), cultivators (cultivators) – 89% (in 2014 – 93%), 91% of the grain dänsepkişke inlet ( In 2014 – 90%).
At present, there are 3.4 million complex of modern high-yielding crops and farmers are expected to more than half of the sown area of grain crops sowing.
The course of the spring sowing campaign
Currently, the southern areas of the region started in the spring field work. This year Wet close on March 27, 178 thousand hectares (19%), 199 thousand hectares of land in front of the sowing (15%), spring plowing of 513 thousand hectares (53%) were carried out in the fields.
Summer grain crops were 76 thousand hectares (18%), oil crops – 13,5 thousand hectares (5%), perennial grasses (alfalfa) – 22 thousand hectares (32%), potatoes – by 4.2 thousand hectares (30 %), vegetables – 9.7 thousand hectares (27%) were carried out in the fields.
State of the moisture
According to the hydrometeorological service the autumn of 2014 in regions of the country is characterized by a sufficient amount of precipitation.
Amount of precipitation in winter is not so bad. Height up to 54 cm of snow cover in the north of the country, in the west and east – up to 34 cm, 1-48 cm and 63-82 cm in the mountainous areas of the center, oñtüstiktin up to 5 cm in some places, and in the south-east of 0-35 cm in mountainous regions 62-64 cm. The total height of the snow cover in the country añızdıqta Akmola and Kostanai regions, as well as in other areas is higher than in the same period last year.
As a result, the moisture content in the soil at the beginning of spring field work in all regions in 2015-meter floor is expected to be satisfactory and efficient.
The amount of monthly rainfall in April, North Kazakhstan, Aktobe, Kostanay regions, some areas of the West Kazakhstan region, the mountain and foothill areas of the South Kazakhstan, Zhambyl, Almaty and East Kazakhstan oblasts are the norm in other regions is expected to be lower than the norm.
The situation on the Russian grain market
In 2014 the Russian Federation collected high yield crops in the amount of 105.0 mln. Tons, which allows you to bring the export capacity to 29.8 mln. Tons, including wheat – 21.0 mln. Tons. As of March 10, shipped to export 25.6 million. Tons, including wheat – 19.5 million. Tons. Thus export potential is realized by 86%, including wheat – 93%.
Due to an increase in shipment volumes of grain for export to resolve the situation on the grain market and ensuring the country’s population bakery and grain processing products, the Government of the Russian Federation with the 1 February 2015 introduced the restriction of grain exports through the establishment of the export customs duties on soft wheat (15% plus 7 5 euros, but not less than EUR 35 per tonne).
In 2014, Russia announced a ban on the import of food products from the US and the EU, which is a response to the Russian side accepted the US and EU economic sanctions against Russia. Therefore, the missing volumes of foodstuffs Russia had to import from other countries, including Kazakhstan. This in turn stimulated the increase of export of Kazakhstan to the Russian market.
Thus, the scope of delivery of Kazakhstan’s potatoes to the Russian market in 2014 compared with 2013 year increased by 11 times, respectively, vegetables – 15%, fruits and berries – 1.7 times, oilseeds – 1.8 times. At the same time, grain exports declined by 60% due to the increase in grain production in Russia in 2014.
Reference. In 2014, Russia exported 440.2 thous. Tons of grain, 21.6 thous. Tons of oilseeds, 3.4 thousand. Tons of potatoes, 12.6 thousand. Tons of vegetables and 8.2 ths. Tons of fruits and berries.
However, the devaluation occurring due to economic sanctions led to the decline in prices for Russian industrial and consumer goods. So, now the cost advantage of Russian goods to the Kazakh market as compared with domestic products is about 47%. As a result of increased imports of food products from Russia including grain products, reduced exports of the Russian market, which leads to losses rather REVENUES Kazakh agricultural producers (according to the calculations of the increase in imports losses of 10 billion. Tenge, reducing exports – 45 billion. tenge).
The results of last year’s harvest
In 2014, the harvest took place in difficult weather conditions. Rainy weather, begins in the second decade of July, accompanied by cooling, low temperature background and lack of sunny days led to long growing season of crops and late maturing crop. Autumn was also abundant in the sediments, which complicated the harvest. The pace of harvesting have been reduced due to frequent rains, some days turning into snow.
According to statistics from the crops are removed from an area of 14.7 million hectares. Which is about 98% of which were due to the cleaning area (15.0 mln. Ha), oil crops have been removed from an area of 2.0 thousand. Ha or 97%. In the whole country were to lie as crops on an area of 250.0 thousand hectares. Oilseeds – to 250.0 thousand. Ha.
Gross harvest of grain in weight after processing amounted to 17.2 million. Tons with an average yield of 11.7 c / ha. Oilseeds harvested more than 1.5 million. Tons, which is 50.0 ths. Tons more than in 2013.
It collected more than 3.4 million. Tonnes of potatoes, about 3.5 mln. Tons of vegetables and more than 1.9 million. Tonnes of melons, that in the general level exceeds the amount in 2013 to 0.5 million. Tons.
Cotton yield amounted to 320.7 ths. Tons, which is
76.0 thous. Tons less than in 2013, due to reduction of sown area of 13.1 thousand. Hectares, sugar beet – 23.9 thous. Tons (less than 40, 7 ths. tons).
The presence of grain. Indicators of the quality of grain harvest in 2014
According to statistics bodies as of March 1 of the current year available in 10.9 million. tons of grain (including wheat – over 9.2 mln. tons), that at the level of last year. Of this volume placed on the grain-enterprises 4.8 million. Tons, which is 0.4 million. Tons less than the corresponding period of 2014, agricultural producers have – 6.1 million. Tons (more than 0.4 million. Tons). Utilization of grain-enterprises is 34.3%, storage tanks SKHTP – 55%.
From harvest 2014 received for storage at grain-enterprise about 7.5 million. Tons of grain, including wheat – over 6.3 mln. Tons. Of these, the quality of classes 2 and 3 correspond to 4.4 mln. Tons, or 69.2%, Grade 4 – 755.5 ths. Tons (11.9%), class 5 – 777.6 ths. Tons (12.3 %), no class – 416.2 ths. tons (6.3%).
From Received deposited on dry grain HSP 4.9 million. Tons, or 65%, to earn some money – more than 5.0 million. Tons (67.4%).
Import-export of grain and flour
Export potential of the 2014/2015 marketing year is estimated at 7.0 mln. Tons including flour in grain equivalent. Since the beginning of the current marketing season (July 1, 2014) as of April 1 of this yearshipped to export about 4.9 million. tons of grain including flour (corn – 2.9 million. tons, flour – more than 1.2 million. tons) and export potential is realized by 69%.
In comparison with the corresponding period of the last season the volume of export of grain including flour decreased by 1.9 mln. Tons, or 28%.
On the decline in exports is mainly influenced by the following factors:
• 1) a decrease in the gross grain harvest in comparison with the year 2013;
• 2) reduction of quality indicators of grain;
• 3) an increase in the production of wheat in the world, as well as in the Russian Federation and Ukraine, which influenced the decline in the competitiveness of Kazakh grain.
Since the beginning of the current marketing season, from Russia imported 53.8 thousand. Tons of grain, which is 24.1 thous. Tons more than last season.
For the period from 1 July 2014 to January 2015 were shipped for export over 2.4 mln. Tons, including traditional importers of Kazakh grain (the countries of Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Iran) – 2.14 million. Tons, Russia – 119 ths. tons, China – 55 th. tonnes, the EU countries – 61.7 thous. tons, the Middle East – 17.9 thous. tons.
During this period, it was shipped to export 1.1 mln. Tons of flour, including the countries of Central Asia – 685.0 ths. Tons, Afghanistan – 385.0 ths. Tons.
On the issue of feed production
Necessary measures for the development of fodder production, an increase in acreage of forage crops and fodder production. Since 2007, the production of fodder crops, which are universally prioritized grants are allocated for working capital needed for the purchase of fuel and lubricants, fertilizers, herbicides and other commodity-material resources. State subsidies are also provided to support the production of elite seeds of forage crops. In 2014, for these purposes has been allocated a total of about 7.7 bln. Tenge. The ratio of subsidies per 1 ha of forage crops ranged from 3,000 tenge to 45000 tenge.
The result of the measures taken by the area of forage crops compared to 2011 increased by 700 thousand. Hectares and amounted in 2014 to 3.3 million. Ha with a share of 15.5% against 12.4%.
Despite the adverse weather conditions in 2014, is made up of hay on 106% silage – 111% silage – 100%, is allocated to meet the needs of 3.5 million livestock. Tonnes of straw.
In 2015, fodder crops will be placed on an area of about 3.7 million. Ha, up 350.0 thousand. Ha, or 11% more than in 2014. At the same silage crops are sown on an area of 90.4 thousand hectares. Annual grasses – to 676.3 thousand. Ha, perennial grass crops in view of the past years will be placed on an area of 2.9 million. Ha.
According to the rational use of agricultural land
In order to address sustainable use and management of land resources in 2014 introduced amendments to the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan providing for improvement of the rules on compulsory withdrawal of unused and undeveloped land or land used in violation of the law, imposing burdens on the deal with unused lands, the timing of Use and cases of non-use of land.
Also in the framework of improving the tax legislation envisages increase land tax rates and fees for use of land in 5 times and the introduction of standards for the provision of local representative bodies the right to further increase the data rates of up to 10 times the unused farm land. This increase will not affect or peasant farmers who use special tax regime based on a single land tax.
In addition, the development of new rules of rational use of agricultural land, which will include specific requirements for: crop rotation; ensuring optimal load on pastures; keeping agrochemical condition of soils; the implementation of phytosanitary measures; compliance performance.
As part of monitoring the rational use of arable land agrochemical survey conducted on the area of 24.3 million. Ha. Agrochemical soil survey results showed that soils with low humus content occupy 73%, average – 25% vysokim- 2% of the arable land. The level of nitrogen in the soil – low phosphorus – medium, potassium – high.
The reasons for decline in soil fertility are:
• insufficient amounts of fertilizer;
• reduction of sowing areas of perennial grasses;
• failure to comply with crop rotation and monoculture wheat.
According to the results of agrochemical inspection Republican scientific-methodical center of agrochemical service every land user is issued an agrochemical sketch with conclusions and recommendations for activities to maintain and improve soil fertility and use of fertilizers.
Russian grain market
In 2014, the Russia Federation 105.0 million. There were tons of grain crops production of the export potential of 29.8 million. tons, including wheat – 21.0 million. tons, makes it possible to achieve. As of March 10, the export of 25.6 million. tons of grain, including wheat – 19.5 million. tons respectively.Thus, the export potential of 86%, including 93% of the wheat.
Shipping due to the increase in the volume of grain exported from the settlement of the situation in the grain market and the public to ensure that the processing of foods and grain products from February 1, 2015, the Government of the Federation of Russia wheat export duties (15% + 7.5 euros, 35 euros per ton at least) imposed restrictions on the export of grain.
In 2014, the United States, Russia and the EU’s food products have been banned in the United States, Russia, the EU and the introduction of economic sanctions against Russia as a gesture to the right side.Hence, the need for Russia of food products from other countries, including Kazakhstan, had to lead.This Kazakhstani stimulated the increase of products to the markets of Russia.
For example, in 2014, Russia Kazakhstani market of potatoes and 11 times, respectively, compared to 2013, 15% of vegetables, fruit and vegetables – by 1.7 times, oil and cereals increased by 1.8 times. At the same time, grain exports fell 60%, due to an increase in the volume of grain production in Russia in 2014.
As a reference. In 2014, 440.2 thousand tons of grain in Russia, 21.6 thousand tons of oil seeds, 3.4 million tons of potatoes, 12.6 thousand tons of vegetables and 8.2 thousand tons of fruits and vegetables for export.
However, the decline in the value of the ruble in Russia due to the economic sanctions production is accompanied by a decrease in the prices of food and non-food goods. For example, current market prices for Russia at 47% compared to the advantage of domestic products. As a result, the food at the goods imported from Russia, including grain products, increasing the volume of their exports to the markets of Russia, which in turn reduced the volume of Kazakhstani agricultural producers determine the damage to lead to a decrease in revenue ($ 10 billion increase in imports which are harmful to the report. Tenge a decline in exports – 45 billion. tenge).
The results of last year’s harvest
In 2014, the harvest was bad weather conditions. The beginning of the second half of July, rainfall has led to a cooling temperature is low and there is a clear lack of grain crops have led to delays of ripeness.There were a lot of precipitation in the autumn, harvesting difficult. Some days, snow often in the rain, which reduced the rate of harvesting.
According to statistical data gathered 14.7 thousand hectares of grain crops, and this was going to be areas (15.0 mln. Ha) is 98%, 2.0 million tons of oil-bearing crops. gathered hectares, or 97%. In total 260.0 thousand hectares of crops, oilseeds area of 250.0 hectares of clumping.
After clearing the total weight of the crop of 17.2 million. tonnes, the yield of 11.7 c / ha. Fat grains 1.5 million. It was more than 50.0 thousand tons more than in 2013.
3.4 million. 3.5 million tons of potatoes. tons of vegetables and 1.9 million. melons harvested more than the level of 2013, the total sum of 0.5 million. tons more.
Cotton production amounted to 320.7 thousand tons, 76.0 thousand tonnes less than in 2013, because the crop area of 13.1 thousand hectares was a reduction in sugar beet production of 23.9 thousand tonnes (40.7 thousand tons).
The presence of grain. The quality of the 2014 crop.
This year, according to statistics bodies 10.9 million as of March 1. There are tons of grain (including wheat – 9.2 mln. tons), the same level as last year. 4.8 million. there are tons of grain enterprises, 0.4 million higher than in 2014. tons of small agricultural producers 6.1 million. tons (0.4 mln. tons) of grain loaded to 34.3% of the enterprises, agricultural producers is 55% of the loaded sïımdılıqtarınıñ.
Keep the wheat from receiving $ 7.5 million in 2014. received tons of grain, including wheat – 6.3 million.tons. Including 4.4 million in the 2nd and 3rd class quality. tons, or 69.2%, Grade 4 – 755.5 thousand tons (11.9%), 5 class – 777.6 thousand tons (12.3%) no longer comply with the class – 416.2 thousand tons (6, 3%) ..
HRC 4.9 million for grain storage. 5.0 million tons or 65% of the dried. tonnes (67.4%) have been cleared.
A criminal and flour exports and imports
2014/2015 marketing year, the export potential of 7.0 million, including flour in grain equivalent. tons is expected. Since the beginning of the current marketing season (July 1, 2014) of the current year 20 March, including flour export 4.7 million. tons of grain (wheat – 2.9 mln. tons, flour – 1.2 mln. tons) or 67% of the export potential.
At the same time, compared to the corresponding period of the last season of flour exports of grain, including 1.9 million. tons, or 28% of the population remains low.
A decrease in exports of grain, mainly due to the following factors:

• 1) decrease of grain in 2013, compared with collection;
• 2) a reduction in the quality of the grain;
• 3) in the world, as well as the Russia Federation and Ukraine, the increase in wheat production, this led to a decline in the competitiveness of the grain.

Since the beginning of the current marketing season will be imported into Russia Federation, 53.8 thousand tons of grain, 24.1 thousand tons more than last season.
Between January 2014 and July 1, 2015 the export of 2.4 million. tons of grain, including grain of traditional importers (Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Iran) – 2.14 million. tons, Russia – 119 thousand tons, 55 thousand tons to China, the countries of the European Union – 61.7 thousand tons, the countries of the Middle East – 17.9 thousand tons.
-Term export 1.1 million. tons of flour, including 685.0 thousand tons in the countries of Central Asia, Afghanistan – 385.0 thousand tons.
For the production of animal feed
The development of the production of animal feed, forage crops and forage crops necessary measures are taken to increase the production. Since 2007, the priority was everywhere forage crops for the production of fuels and lubricants, fertilizers, herbicides and other material resources necessary for the purchase of commodity turnover, replenishment subsidies allocated free of charge. At the same time, the budget will be set aside for subsidies to support the production of elite seeds of forage crops. In 2014, a total of approximately 7.7 billion objectives. was allocated. 1 ha of forage crops in 3000 was up by 45,000 over the standard of subsidies.
Forage crops as a result of the measures taken in 2011 increased by 700 thousand hectares compared to 3.3 million in 2014. hectares, while their share of the field has increased to 12.4% from 15.5%.
Despite the adverse weather conditions in 2014, 106% of the herbal preparation of the plan, 111% of hay, silage and 100% of the livestock sector to meet the needs of 3.5 million. were tons of straw.
Forage crops in 2015, about 3.7 million. hectares will be placed, 350.0 thousand hectares, or 11% higher than in 2014. At the same time, 90.4 thousand hectares of crops for silage, annual herbs – 676.3 thousand hectares, as in previous years, perennial grasses, including 2.9 million. ha will be placed.
On the rational use of agricultural lands
Rational use and management of land resources in order to address the prolemaların included in the amendments to the Land Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2014, are unused and undeveloped land or used in violation of the law of the land used for the improvement of the standards of the places on the forced removal of the load on the transactions burden, land use involves the determination of the terms and conditions of use .
As well as within the framework of the improvement of the tax legislation of the land tax and a 5-fold increase in the rate of payment for the use of the land and the local representative bodies of rates on agricultural lands that are not used up to 10 times more to the right to increase the rate of return is expected. This is a special tax regime on the basis of a single land tax increase does not farm or farms.
What is more, the new rules of rational use of agricultural lands are under development: the challenge of crops; to ensure optimal loading of pastures; agrochemical soil conditions; implementation of phytosanitary measures; is to maintain a certain production requirements.
Efficient land use of the fields within the framework of the monitoring of the agrochemical 24.3 million.ha. The results of the soil agrochemical research, lower than the 73% of the sown area of soil humus, an average of 25% and 2%. The low level of importance of nitrogen in the soil, the average phosphorus and potassium.
Reasons for the decline of soil fertility:

• insufficient amounts of fertilizers;
• a reduction in the sown area of perennial grasses;
• Failure to comply with the challenge of crops and wheat is growing as monodaqıl.
Agrochemical research on the results of the Republican scientific-methodical center of agrochemical service in each of the final user of measures aimed at the preservation and improvement of soil fertility and provide guidance on the use of fertilizers and agrochemical essay.

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