Social modernization of Kazakhstan: Twenty Steps to a society of universal labor
The global trend of social modernization
Kazakhstan overcame the 20-year mark.
The country opened up new prospects. However, for several years the world unrest. The crisis at the global level has not been overcome, and the world community is in a state of intense turbulence.
The modern world has become interconnected to an extraordinary degree, with all the pluses and minuses. It is a reality to be reckoned with throughout. And more countries, and middle and small.
All this requires the state to verified social policy. And I have to keep social issues on the control constantly return to them.
The focus of my attention – concern for every citizen of Kazakhstan.
This is necessary because of social issues and daily life depends on the state of health of all the citizens of our country.
During the years of independence Kazakhstan has established a strong foundation of the welfare state.
Objectively Kazakhstan came close to the quality level of social development of Central European countries.
The standards of life in Kazakhstan has been steadily rising. But the essential question is how effectively our citizens use the fruits of stability and prosperity.
January 27 I spoke in Parliament with the Address to the Nation “Socio-economic modernization – main direction of development of Kazakhstan.”
Kazakhstan is vitally important to find an optimal balance between economic success and providing public goods. It is in this I see the key task of social and economic modernization.
In the Letter 2012 I have been given specific instructions to the Government – and has earned the state mechanism.
However, I am not satisfied with the pace and quality of implementation of my address.
Social issues can not be postponed “for later”.
This in turn requires an answer to the questions: what should be our Kazakhstani society in the conditions of global instability, in the new century to resist the global winds?
What are our reserves and unrealized opportunities? And more should be done to social policy has become stable, constructive?
Today it has become obvious illusory nature of the concept of a consumer society, which has been widespread from the 60s of the last century.
Today the whole world is particularly acute convinced that the ideology of consumption proved to be disastrous. It spawned mass social dependency in developed countries and is one of the main causes of the global crisis.
This false idea that can not be implemented, not only around the world but even in developed countries, we can find a constructive alternative.
And this is the idea of an alternative society of universal labor.
It did not invent any particular ideology.
Ultimately, all the values of the world civilization, all the economic and cultural wealth created by human labor and non-virtual financial institutions.
Therefore, it is the real productive work we have to put in the basis of our policy of social modernization.
The idea of society of universal labor was not invented beyond the clouds.
This is a practical, pragmatic idea. It is for me the more close, I started my professional career as a well-known Kazakhstan, not in the office, not as a “white collar”, not on the floor as well as a working-metallurgist. And this, I tell you, the most that neither is a real profession!
This school of labor can not be forgotten, no matter how many years pass.
Today, the work – as a decisive factor in national terms the XXI century, in the face of global competition – should be pushed to the forefront.
This is also the simple people of Kazakhstan, with whom I recently met in Taraz, Ust-Kamenogorsk, and other regions.
The same ideas about the need to raise the prestige of the working man, I read in the letters of Kazakhstanis in responses from all over Kazakhstan to my message and the speech at the XIX session of the Assembly of the people, which is also the focus was on the problem of social modernization.
Without exaggeration – the theme of decent work in the Kazakh society has caused a wide resonance and support.
Is there a risk of the modernization process?
Social modernization of today requires a clear understanding of the possible challenges and risks.And it must be understood not only the civil servants of all ranks, but the whole society, all the people for whom social modernization and implemented.
First. We have to take into account that economic and social modernization must go as much as possible simultaneously.
The new production, new systems of education and science, the development of the middle class, expanding the social safety net will cause big changes in the minds of people of Kazakhstan. This will require the timely adjustment of the entire system of social relations.
Second. As international experience shows, the process of modernization is accompanied by increased activity of citizens, the disclosure of their creative potential. So will expand people’s desire to actively defend their rights and freedoms, to increase the degree of self-organization of society.
Third. In Kazakhstan, the government – the initiator and main driving force of the process of social modernization.
Today it is important to cultivate in society, from the earliest stages of the educational process in secondary schools, the provision that the state – not an endless donor and partner, to create conditions for the growth of welfare of citizens.
The strategy of the state is constructed in the direction of social protection to social progress.
This means that the dependency is unacceptable.
Only in this case the Kazakh society will be able to overcome the inertia of paternalism.
Fourth. A major barrier to social modernization is a common phenomenon as a socialinfantilism.
At its heart – a perverse motivation to work, “imposed” in the initial period of transition ‘wild capitalism’ 90s.
It is erected in the absolute wrong formula to achieve well-being – “to work less – earn more”, “making money out of thin air” and so on. N.
Homegrown narrow-mindedness, combined with the social infantilism, can become a brake upgrade.
Fifth. Social modernization of Kazakhstan against the background of the integration processes within the EEA.
During the years of independent development of a number of parameters of reforming the social sphere Kazakhstan has successfully surpassed the CIS countries and their partners went further.This applies to the pension, banking, credit and financial systems, housing, education and health care in part, of social protection.
We are increasingly reduced the level of dependency. Therefore, Kazakhstan as the leader of the social reforms it is important to take the initiative and develop a holistic model of socialmodernization, attractive for all our partners in the Eurasian integration.
It is important to not just take into account all the challenges in building modernization policy, and develop measures on the refraction of the situation.
Everyone, regardless of profession and position, must ask ourselves: what have I done to overcome the inertia of the first and foremost in yourself?
Social modernization: the purpose, objectives, principles
Message 2012 gave a powerful start modernization processes in the social sphere. However, in practice, it is “opened” only the topmost layer of issues requiring further decisions.
Therefore, it is important to define a common understanding of the whole process of social modernization that all public authorities should be guided. This understanding should, of course, be accessible to all people.
I want to share my vision.
Today, the purpose and meaning of social modernization is to prepare the society for life in the new industrial and innovative economy, to find an optimal balance between economic development of Kazakhstan’s forced wide and the provision of public goods, to establish social relations based on the principles of law and justice.
What are the main challenges to be addressed in the framework of the modernization process?This list may seem dry and long, but it should be marked.
• It is advisable to adopt and enact just laws and clear rules of law prevention, management and conflict resolution, as well as the functioning of the entire system of social relations.
• It is necessary to develop and implement a system of quality of social standards and professional qualifications of Kazakhstani people, especially the economically active population.
• It is important to create an effective model of labor relations, based on partnership arrangements will be government, private sector and professional associations.
• It should develop self-organizing beginning in the life of Kazakhstan, including local governments, to “modernize” the institutions of civil society, which should become effective instruments for the implementation of social initiatives of citizens.
• It is necessary to significantly increase the information content of life of Kazakh society and to empower internet technology, both in terms of informing citizens and strengthening constant “feedback” of the state and the population.
• It is important to create an environment of continuous growth of the middle class, origin and development of the creative class – the main drivers of the innovation economy.
• overcome phenomena such as dependency and social infantilism, implement new motivation to work and well-being, based on the high responsibility of the individual and business partner interaction of all subjects of the employment relationship with the state.
• An important aspect of modernization – the creation in Kazakhstan of effective state control of social processes, built “vertical” and “horizontal” with a professional body of experts and managers at all levels of government.
It is the solution of these problems should be oriented all state agencies.
* * *
The success of the modernization process largely depends on the principles on which it will be implemented.
Firstly, it is a principle EVOLUTIONALITY.
There should be no “running ahead”. All social change should correspond to the level of development and possibilities of Kazakhstan’s economy.
The algorithm of the modernization process should be based on “pulling” backward areas, regions, industries and social groups to existing standards and indicators of social development.
Second, the principle of shared responsibility.
Not only the state and all its levels of management, but also private entities, all of society should share the responsibility for the progress and results of social modernization.
For the success of the modernization it is very important that each citizen was useful to the Fatherland. Modernization is necessary for all Kazakhstanis. Only with this understanding can be achieved by a wide public consensus and success.
Thirdly, the principle of partnering.
All work should be based on close cooperation between government, business and citizens. The task of government is to provide a reasonable balance of interests of the state, society and the individual.
Herein lies the true justice.
It is important to actively promote social partnership, to create conditions for increasing the participation of private sector in the modernization of the country, above all, the social sphere.
Fourth, the principle of incentives.
The State creates conditions for Kazakhstan alone could improve their quality of life. State social support is directed recipients to encourage them to work, creative and social activity.
Yes, the state will help where it is compulsory. But the fact that the strength to make himself a citizen, he must do.
And it is true!
Once again, today, the global trend of social development is to move towards “a society of universal labor”. Therefore, development of incentives for honest work, creating a system of public promotion of the achievements of labor – one of the cornerstones of issues of social modernization in Kazakhstan. This I have said many times at meetings Kazakhstan.
Fifth, the principle of professionalism.
All decisions must be thoroughly calculated, taken in view of the scientific feasibility of elaborated based on the study of international experience.
It is this understanding of the objectives and principles should form the basis of the process of social modernization.
Specific and systemic social modernization
Social modernization requires a specific approach aimed at really tangible, positive changes in the life of the entire society, every Kazakhstani family and every citizen of Kazakhstan.
Social modernization is not for “the state in general”, it should serve to benefit each individual citizen.
Today it is important not just a “bottomless” financial investments in the social sector.
We need concrete measures, legislative, organizational, ideological, informational impact on social relations in order to free them from outdated layers and false social guidelines.
Modernization will be successful only if, at first, will be sold through a nationwide concept and plan and, secondly, based on the real economic achievements, fully associated with accelerated industrial-innovative development.
Regardless of industrial-innovative development of no modernization is simply impossible.
It must understand each.
The Government, together with the NDP “Nur Otan” before April 1, 2013 to draft a national concept of social development of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the period up to 2030, based on the provisions of the Strategy “Kazakhstan-2030” and other strategic documents, combining the issue of Kazakhstan’s social system and society tasks of economic modernization.
The agenda of social modernization in Kazakhstan should be conducted in five major priorities.
1. Updating the social legislation
During the years of independence Kazakhstan has created a large-scale base of social legislation.
All major areas – education, health, culture, sports, activities of civil society institutions, and others. – Regulated by special laws.
It codifies labor laws in the legal framework of the system of social protection. However, the social and legal system, there are problems.
It is not enough involved in the current reserves of Kazakhstan social legislation.
For example, according to the Law “On education”, for 9 years, the country has a unified national testing. Its implementation is a mixed assessment in the community.
Every year, the media report violations on the part of officials, and on the part of the participants UNT. And the severity of the issue only increases.
One reason for this situation – in a weak legal regulation of the procedure of UNT, carried out only on the basis of rules approved by the Ministry of the meeting.
At the same time, there are no provisions on the liability of the obstacles to the work commissions of the UNT, interference in carrying out testing on the part of the students’ parents, teachers, officials use when testing the means of communication for the purpose of tips examinees, and so on. D. But the facts are ! So, this situation must be resolutely corrected.
Another example: in 2011 adopted the Law “On Mediation” – out of court disputes and conflicts.However, practical measures to establish a nationwide system of mediation is not marked.Although reserves of mediation can be used to neutralize the labor conflicts.
A number of laws are obsolete or declarative and for these reasons, do not effectively regulate certain spheres of social relations.
The Law “On Trade Unions” was adopted in 1993. It does not even have the concept of socialpartnership, the mechanism of the conclusion and execution of collective agreements, and so on. D. It is therefore not surprising that the union institutions in Kazakhstan are not always able to act as an effective tool for the prevention and resolution of labor disputes.
Well aware of the situation from the inside, I want to say that the workers feel worthy, the trade union movement should be on top.
Declarative inherent in the Law “On state youth policy”, adopted in 2004. That’s what I said in detail during the last session of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan.
A number of legal norms do not work due to lack of secondary regulations, or lack of control over their execution.
For example, in the Labour Code is the norm on probation for newly hired workers. However, sometimes it is brought to the absurd. Often practice when young graduates as a “test” work within the legally prescribed term without pay, but with the full workload, and even overtime.
Moreover, at the end of the probationary period of 3-4 subjects, only one credited to the state, while the rest are “overboard”.
Especially those addicted to non-government institutions and private organizations, including branches of major banks.
But this is pure exploitation of our youth!
However, no cases of clear violation of labor laws is not opened state labor inspectorate.
And that’s just a few examples. I am sure that almost every social sector has a substantial reserve to improve its legislative framework.
In this regard it requires careful revision of social legislation for its effectiveness not only now but also in the medium term.
The Government, together with Parliament and the NDP “Nur Otan” the end of 2012 to carry out an inventory of national legislation in the social sphere, to develop and submit a draft of the Concept of reforming it in accordance with the objectives of social modernization.
This work is important to connect all state bodies, as well as the governors of regions that need to make concrete proposals to strengthen the effectiveness of existing laws and the development of the planned new legislation.
In particular, under the new legislation on youth policy, social and labor field it is important to establish mechanisms of “social elevator” for young Kazakhs. We can not leave the situation of young people on the course.
Required by law on the national system of professional qualifications.
Kazakhstan society needs a law on social standards and guarantees of social rights, which would contain the minimum key indicators.
And already during the next session of Parliament it is expedient to consider the most popular acts. And we must make it a rule that new laws should comprehensively address the relevant issues have a direct effect, meet the expectations of Kazakhs make people’s lives easier and more comfortable to be understandable and accessible to all.
Deputies are required to substantially step up its work.
The Government, together with Parliament and the NDP “Nur Otan” in the period up to the end of 2012 to develop and submit for approval to deeply researched the project conceptual plan of legislative work for the entire period of the Parliament of the fifth convocation.
And all of this update is not limited to legislation. Below are formulated and other tasks on specific legislation in the framework of the priorities of social modernization.
2. Formation of an effective model of social and labor relations
Without a doubt, topical issues of social modernization is to create an effective model of social and labor relations.
On this all government agencies and the business community should pay special attention.
a) Development of employment
For two decades, the Independence area of employment has undergone tremendous changes.The employed population increased by more than 700 thousand. Man, reaching 8.4 million. People.
Much of the population in 90 years “has passed school of involuntary unemployment.”
Many have shown the ability to self-employment, self-changing labor skills become businessmen, including through targeted support from the state.
Today we are implementing industrial and innovative program.
This is the number one issue for the future of the country.
Create new jobs. But we see that not all the unemployed seek work. Unfortunately, psychology is that people would be better “taksovat” at the market, what will be for the new qualification.
But if we want to become a competitive nation, that this psychology we must overcome! We must learn new skills and go to the factory, to manufacture. Both young and adult citizen of Kazakhstan should not sit still and criticize everything, and strive to go where there is work, where you can – ZA-RA-BO-thief!
In other countries, people go to work far abroad and without any guarantees. And we are creating jobs, building a new production facility in their own country. Therefore, it is necessary to go where there is work. Because we are a mobile people!
From 1/3 of the employed population are so-called “self-employed”.
However, the method of estimating their numbers is arbitrary.
In this category there are owners of private holdings with livestock (essentially small farmers), private carters on their own vehicles, the owners of several apartments that rent them out. A significant part of the self-employed account for able-bodied people who have unstable jobs.
Today, therefore, it is important to implement measures to ensure the inclusion of self-employed in the real economy. These measures should take into account the prospects of development of infrastructure facilities of the Industrialization Map.
The government should decide on the creation of new objects of industrial and innovative economy in regions with excessive number of self-employed.
Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Kazakhstan till July 1, 2013:
– Develop a methodology of reference of the working population in the group of self-employed, an adequate real situation and prospects of employment;
– To improve the method for determining the rate of unemployment according to the new methodology for the determination of the self-employed.
An important part of efforts to improve relations in the field of employment should be to raise legal awareness of all actors of social and labor relations.
I want to emphasize that working people should not be on the side of the legal issues.
Getting a job, everyone must delve into each paper, which they sign.
The adoption in 2007 of the Labor Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan was an important step on the path of legal support of the whole sphere of employment. However, many experts point out the complexity of the language code for the perception of a wide range of workers.
I believe that to resolve this problem is necessary, firstly, the organization of legal education of employees, perhaps at the expense of employers. Secondly, the massive propaganda work, commenting on the publication of materials in an accessible form sets out the basics of labor law.
Ministry of Labour and Social Protection:
– Until 1 December 2012 to study the issue of the organization, since 2013, a system of universal education employees the basics of labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
– Develop the project of publication and dissemination, including through the power of the Internet and the official sites of state bodies, a series of common national guides to key provisions of the Labor Code and other legal acts regulating labor relations.
b) national system of professional qualifications
I must admit that everyone, especially the young, want to see their future in a particular professional field. This is absolutely normal desire. Man purposefully goes to the top, where it sees.
It is therefore necessary to give impetus to all work to create a national system of qualifications (NSC), which not only has a normative value, but, in fact, a “roadmap” for each profession.
NSC would “build” professional elevators in each specialty. Thus skilled workers should be included in the national system.
Fundamentals of the regulatory framework for the creation of the NSC formed with the introduction of amendments to the Labour Code in 2010. However, this process should be speeded up.
One of the most important moments in the emerging national system of qualifications is that the professional standards developed under the NSC should be a benchmark for the educational standards used in schools in the training. There must be no gap between the professional and educational standards.
In the context of the Common Economic Space provides for the creation of a common market of labor resources, important to coordinate activities for the establishment of national qualifications systems in the three countries.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan before July 1, 2013:
– Develop and adopt a plan of phased development of a national qualifications framework for the period until 2020;
– To intensify efforts to create an independent system of proficiency testing for graduates of universities and colleges.
c) Prevention, prevention and control of labor conflicts
Today in Kazakhstan underdeveloped regulatory mechanisms, prevention and prevention of labor disputes and conflicts.
Of course, there is no perfect conflict-free society, but, nevertheless, we must strive to minimize such risks.
First, today we need to strengthen the monitoring and enforcement of safety at work.
State Labor Inspectorate in accordance with the law may control or at the request of workers in a planned manner, warning the employer for the month ahead.
The urgency and the element of surprise is lost in such a test, which often gives employers a loophole to create the appearance of compliance with working conditions.
Such an order does not meet the requirements of Kazakhstan ratified the ILO Convention “On labor inspection in industry and commerce.”
Why am I talking about this issue? This is not just a technical issue. It lives!
After all, as a result of accidents, safety violations, lack of discipline affects people in their most productive years. And they have a family, children. So here it is necessary to restore order.
Secondly, insufficient legal responsibility for provoking social and labor conflict.
Often it becomes a party to the labor collective provoked deliberate deterioration of working conditions, disruption of production, delays in payment of wages, and so on. D.
At the same time, neither the Labor nor the administrative or in the Criminal Code there are no articles on the responsibility for provoking labor disputes with their employers, officials and other persons.
Forcing the strike, as well as late payment of wages to workers, subject to a fine in the total amount of 10-20 monthly calculation indices, and failure to comply with obligations under the collective agreement – a fine of 200 to 500 MCI.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the end of 2012 to submit proposals:
– On changes and amendments to the Law “On state control and supervision” and the Labour Code regarding inspections at the enterprises in accordance with the ratified ILO Conventions;
– The inclusion in the labor, administrative and criminal codes of the provisions on liability for deliberate provocation of labor conflicts;
– The strengthening of administrative and criminal liability for inciting social hatred, coercion to strike late payment of wages, non-compliance with collective agreements and other offenses.
Thirdly, the need to build effective multi-level mechanism of regulation of conflicts in labor relations.
The main causes of labor disputes can name two: the first – the alienation of workers from the issues of corporate governance, the second – the weakness of mechanisms for amicable settlement of disputes and conflicts.
Here it is necessary to use the experience of some developed countries, enterprises which are works councils.
They include representatives of the workers and staff, as well as trade unions. As a rule, they dealt with many issues status and working conditions are considered different social and domestic issues workers.
It should be noted that the “people’s IPO», which will enable employees to become shareholders in the enterprises and the companies will also help to overcome the alienation of the workers and staff.
Now began the process of direct “people’s IPO», sold shares of the national company “KazTransOil”. And in this regard can not be any superficial approach.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan together with the National Welfare Fund “Samruk-Kazyna” it is necessary to carry out a large-scale analysis of the first experience of the “people’s IPO», providing regular preliminary economic and legal audit aktsioniruemyh national companies and bring their results to potential minority.
Today, it is necessary to intensify efforts to create and use structures and procedures of mediation, including in the sphere of labor relations.
The structures of mediation is necessary to create national and large private companies. In the United States, Australia and other countries up to a third of all disputes will be settled before the judicial intervention only within the mediation procedures.
The state is now important proactive steps that will introduce a system of non-judicial resolution of disputes and conflicts, including in the field of social and labor relations.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the end of 2012:
– Together with the National Welfare Fund “Samruk-Kazyna” to conduct a large-scale analysis of the first experience of the “people’s IPO», providing regular preliminary economic and legal audit aktsioniruemyh national companies and bring their results to potential minority shareholders;
– Ensure that under the law a legal framework aimed at the development of mediation;
– Initiate a national conference of mediators in order to develop the mechanism of-court settlement of disputes and conflicts.
– Fourth, it is necessary to modernize the trade union institutions.
One of the main partners of the state in improving industrial relations act unions. However, the current format of the activities of the largest trade union center – the Federation of Trade Unions of Kazakhstan (FPK) does not meet the requirements of time, since it is based on a sectoral basis “Soviet-style”.
The essential problem point is inefficient legislation on trade unions. It sets out clear provisions on collective agreements, the responsibility of the parties for their implementation.
So now requires decisive steps to modernize the trade union movement, especially FPC.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the end of 2012 to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the legislation on trade unions and to develop a bill to change it.
3. Kazakhstan standard of quality of life
Social modernization of Kazakhstan, and I am convinced, must be primarily aimed at improving the quality of life of all Kazakhstanis, reduce the number of poor and prevent social exclusion.
This is all the more important that by 2020 there will not only economic growth, but also large-scale changes in the social structure. In particular, the share of small and medium business in GDP is 40%. The employment structure the share of qualified specialists will also reach 40%.
In other words, the country formed a mass middle class.
Today, Kazakhstan has the potential and economic prerequisites to establish certain social standards, quality of life, including those guaranteed by the state.
At the same time, I want to emphasize that every Kazakhstani should start with himself: from his home town and village, to think about their health and lifestyle. Without this, no new quality of life will not come.
Every village and town should become a model of cleanliness, well, order. And every citizen of Kazakhstan – a hard-working and thrifty host to preserve and increase what he has.
After all, why, for example, Europe is rich lives? Because there is a long time to learn the art of frugality. And we often want to each other, as they say, let the dust in the eyes. What kind of thrift!
In order to prevent social exclusion and consistent quality of life appropriate to develop legislation on social standards and guarantees.
Such a law in the first place should include reasonable minimum key parameters and indicators of quality of life, including wages, pensions and benefits, the amount of guaranteed medical services, the mechanism of formation of the minimum consumer basket per one citizen of Kazakhstan, and so on. D.
Kazakhstan standard of quality of life must be carried everywhere – and in a big city, and in a remote village.
It should increase the responsibility for the performance parameters of social standard not only domestic, but also foreign companies operating in Kazakhstan.
And legislators should create a relevant legal framework. Private business form does not give the right to establish their own “laws”. Therefore, it is important to legally define the degree of responsibility of officials of employers for violations of these standards.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan before July 1, 2013 to study in detail and to make proposals on the introduction of minimum social standards and guarantees.
a) The standard of living conditions: accessibility and comfort
Housing, house, apartment – for every citizen of Kazakhstan – is the primary issue, this is a solid foundation of personal life and good climate in the family, without which the well-being and productivity are simply impossible.
Therefore, on my instructions, has implemented new large-scale program “Dostupnoezhile 2020” and “Modernization of housing and communal services.”
It is important to improve the legislation for the development of the rental market.
It is necessary to stimulate the creation of specialized companies to manage public housing lease fund, as well as to protect the rights of long-term tenants by developing model contracts. All lease contracts of employment must be transparent and comprehensible. It is important to optimize the process of collecting documents for obtaining rental housing.
We need new impulses for the expansion of the volume of individual housing construction, especially around the perspective of urban agglomerations, single-industry towns.
Here, the introduction of tax exemptions, facilitated loan conditions for those who are willing and able to build their own house.
It seems necessary to create and fully develop the system of deposit insurance equity in housing construction.
As part of the modernization of housing and communal services it is important to create a unified national database on the status of public utility networks and facilities sector. In each region, it is necessary to develop plans for the modernization of municipal networks.
Governors must keep this work under constant control. It is necessary to develop and implement standards of guaranteed water supply and sewerage, electricity and heat, as well as other utilities.
The program of modernization of housing and communal services should include measures aimed at creating an “effective owner”.
It is important that every owner apartments really involved in the management of buildings and feel the benefits of this program.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the end of 2012 to develop and submit proposals for the further development of the rental market and encourage private housing construction.
b) Further steps to modernize the educational system
The education system as a whole employs about one-third of Kazakhstan’s population. And the most important thing here is that it is growing in the education system, are formed and grow our children. It is concerned with every family.
Therefore, one of the key factors in the success of the modernization process is a successful upgrade of the national education system.
The modernization of the education system in Kazakhstan is suitable for three main areas:
1) optimization of educational institutions;
2) modernization of the educational process;
3) improving the efficiency and accessibility of educational services.
As part of the continuous optimization is necessary to strengthen the vertical of education. It is important to restore the logical relationship of all kinds of “age” of education as an integral elevator – preschool, primary, secondary, vocational, higher and postgraduate.
This is not to allow significant gaps in the quality of educational services provided by the private and public educational institutions.
The education system must remain national.
Firstly, it is necessary to take measures to improve the quality of directors in secondary education.
Secondly, it is necessary to establish control over the observance of state educational standards in private schools, colleges and universities, including international.
Thirdly, it is important to optimize the process of higher education institutions. In Kazakhstan there are 146 universities. Many do not provide adequate quality of manufacture specialists.
It should be the Government, together with the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare to introduce the practice of development and publication of Five-Year Forecast of the Kazakhstan National labor market. This document will be a guide for graduates of Kazakh schools in the choice of professions.
It should also be an audit of all existing universities and its follow-up to optimize their number by combining or abolition of individual institutions.
Fourthly, it is important to develop a dual professional education. Looking for modern centers of applied qualifications that will overcome the shortage of staff of mass trades.
1. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to continue to work on optimizing the number of universities and revocation of licenses of educational institutions that do not provide high-quality training.
2. The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection together with the Ministry of Education and Science, since 2014, to ensure the development of five-year forecasts for the labor market.
Today in the Kazakh education system is not enough attention to the practical side of the learning process, slightly taken into account the individual characteristics of the students.
Failure is an issue of such methods of spiritual and moral education of children, adolescents and young people who have to aim at solving individual problems of growing up and successful socialization.
In fact, the whole educational process is based on outdated techniques. This important component of the educational process, as historical knowledge, absolutely not adjusted to meet the challenges of becoming a person, citizen and patriot. The reality is that students find the subject of the history of Kazakhstan “boring”, not “interesting”, “confusing.”
It is significant that in the course of the UNT in 2012, many applicants for medals “Altyn Belgi” “cut” is on “offensive” matters of national history.
The school courses have the basics of the program of military training, the safety of life, built largely as a relic of the Soviet education system.
At the same time there is innovative courses that students need today.
Where, for example, such topical subjects as “Kazakhstan Law” (its absence leads to legal nihilism and ignorance of youth), “Regional Studies” (and in fact love for native land – is the foundation of patriotism), “Akmeology” techniques to achieve personal success, socialization of the individual?
Their absence leads to social infantilism many young people, the inability to adapt to adult life and so on. D.
Some young people can easily become “prey” of religious sects, extremist and criminal narcomaniac groups. The main reason for all this – the social infantilism, inability to grow up and mature citizen who is responsible for their lives and well-being of his family.
Today, therefore, it is important to radically change the educational process.
There remains the question of the availability of educational services.
In this regard, it is necessary to develop interactive forms of additional training.
However, my problem is posed by the development of interactive education, unfortunately narrowly interpreted and implemented. Using the interactive whiteboard – it’s not all online education.
A modern online training should include holding elective online courses in both direct Internet communication of students and teachers, and in the form of specially designed interactive educational programs and games.
Natural attraction “generation-online” to the Internet, we must use and guide in a positive direction by organizing interactive competitions, tournaments and training t. N.
An important issue is to increase access to the program “Bolashak” talented young people from all regions of the country, especially rural areas.
Ministry of Education and Science:
– Starting with the 2013-2014 school year to provide for increased use of interactive forms of learning in the educational process of secondary schools and the introduction of special training programs on-line training;
– An analysis of curricula, textbooks and teaching materials on the history of Kazakhstan, to take measures to change the content and format of teaching the history of Kazakhstan in educational institutions;
– To make proposals for introduction in secondary, technical and vocational, higher educationcompulsory courses “Fundamentals of Occupational, personal and social success”, “Kazakhstan’s Law”, “Local history”.
c) Modernization of health and a healthy lifestyle
For every citizen of Kazakhstan highest value – his health.
Therefore, all the years of independence, I pay close attention to the health of the people. This topic is always on my control.
As a result, construction of about 700 new health facilities, upgraded medical equipment park.Adopted the Code “On people’s health and the health care system,” State program “Salamatty Kazakhstan”.
Over the past 10 years the birth rate has increased 25%, 11% reduced overall mortality.
During this same time, the financing of the health system has more than 10 times (from 1.9% in 2002 to 3.1% of GDP in 2011).
There are all conditions for the development of high medical technologies. In 2011 it carried out more than 8 thousand. Surgical procedures on the heart. There are about 180 telemedicine centers.
At the same time only in 2011, more than 2 thousand. Citizens complained about the quality of care, the provision of foul guaranteed free medical care in the regions.
There are cases of medical errors, leading to injury and death of patients, litigation on this issue.
It is necessary to increase the responsibility of the local executive bodies for carrying out an effective public health policy, to develop measures to ensure the legal and financial protection in the event of medical errors.
On the other hand, there is the question of responsibility for the health of the people themselves.If Kazakhstan, especially men, were treated in time, the average age of living has risen. However, many are negligent to their health, in fact, do not want to be healthy.
His personal health it is necessary first of all to form a human being. And measures taken by the State will be a thousand times more effective if health care becomes a matter of each family.
Promising issue of modernization – the development of this form of health insurance, in which responsibility for health is shared three parties: the man, his employer and the state.
An important issue is the registration of the country’s large number of drugs. It is necessary to take measures to improve the “drug” of literacy.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
– Until 1 July 2013 to study the issue of the introduction of compulsory insurance of professional liability of doctors for causing damage to the health of the citizen in the absence of negligence or the negligence of medical professionals;
– Before the end of 2012 to implement effective mechanisms to raise public awareness on the use of medicines.
Every citizen of Kazakhstan should understand that without a healthy lifestyle, not a moderate power, without movement and sport for a long time to live is impossible.
This is the harsh truth of life. And if we want to average life expectancy in Kazakhstan has been in Europe, it is necessary to think about their health.
It consistently create conditions for the development of outdoor activities, physical education and sport, in every community, including in rural areas, as well as in each institution and the enterprise. It is necessary to expand extracurricular activities and clubs of physical training in educational institutions of the country.
1. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the end of 2012 to ensure the implementation of funding mechanisms from extrabudgetary funds extra-curricular sports clubs for schoolchildren.
2. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan jointly with the Agency for Sports and Physical Education to develop new forms of cooperation with non-governmental organizations, public associations through state social order.
Among the fans of Kazakhstan has been welcomed by Kazakhstan’s participation in the Continental Hockey League.
Each game of capital “Barys” is a nationwide outcry. The boys go to whole classes hockey.
This practice should be expanded to other sports.
We must explore the possibilities of participation of Kazakhstan teams in the major leagues championships abroad. For example, in football.
But most importantly, I repeat – is the personal attitude of the person to their health and lifestyle.
It is impossible to get anyone. It must be an informed personal choice.
Today is also the need to offer a new model of an effective system of the National Lottery.
1. the Agency for Sports and Physical Education:
– Propose a new model of an effective system of the National Lottery;
– Make proposals to enhance the participation of Kazakh teams in the major leagues championships abroad (in various sports).
2. The Agency for Sports and Physical Education in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Information to propose the establishment of a specialized sports TV channel.
3. The Agency for Sports and Physical Education together with the Ministry of Education and Science to make proposals for the development of student and youth sport and the creation of student and youth clubs on the eve of the Winter Universiade-2017 in Almaty.
d) Development of the system of social protection and adaptation of the population
A visible result of the growth of health becomes a life expectancy of Kazakhstanis, which means – increasing the number of people of retirement, but of working age.
Now a number of approaches to revising pensions upward trims the retirement age. Note the asynchrony retirement age in the countries – participants of the EEA.
It is necessary to develop mechanisms of socialization of citizens belonging to the category of socially vulnerable.
It is, first and foremost, people with disabilities and people with disabilities, members of large families, people close to retirement age, and so on. D.
Moreover, the main approach is not to become wards of the state, and the creation of conditions that would help these citizens to have faith in themselves, in their capacity to socially useful work.
In this respect we need special legislation, such as the social workplace.
It is important to create a system nepaternalistskoy support large families and women raising minor children.
And then we have some “nimble” employers when taking women to take two applications – the admission and dismissal, in case of pregnancy. This is a disgrace!
1. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan until September 1, 2012:
– Together with NDP “Nur Otan” to study the development of a special law “On social workplaces”;
– Within two months, together with the National Commission for Women Affairs, Family and Demographic Policy under the President of Kazakhstan to consider issues of legislative regulation of compensation to the parents of the cost to pay for stay of children in kindergartens, according to their number in a family of women to resume work after leave to care for a child, opportunities to improve their skills and get a new popular specialties at public expense, the introduction of the Tax Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan provisions on income tax incentives for large families and others.
2. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan jointly with the Council on Youth Policy under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
– Provide in the Law on Amendments to the Law “On state youth policy” legal definition of the status of young specialist, minimum package of social and other issues;
– Before the end of 2012 to develop specific measures and incentives to attract young people to the preparation of technical and vocational education and to participate in the program of industrialization.
Particular direction – the creation of an effective system of adaptation of young Kazakhs to independent living, proactive work.
I have always emphasized and will emphasize the importance of the young generation for the future of the country. The government is doing everything to ensure that every young person certainly was in demand in the country.
It is necessary to modernize the law on state youth policy. We need law to assure employment and social package for young professionals, the order of organization of youth practice.
Our young people should not live with illusions. Outside of Kazakhstan there is no paradise.Nowhere, in any country of the world can never get everything at once.
We must work hard and realize their potential in his native Kazakhstan.
For this purpose the state creates and will continue to create all conditions.
It is important to develop measures to stimulate and attract a wide number of Kazakh youth to obtain technical and vocational education and to participate in the program of industrialization.
4. Information and cultural component of social modernization
Social modernization of Kazakhstan goes into the global information age. This factor should be taken into consideration.
The modernization process must, first, carry the whole Kazakhstani society in a state of the information society, which completely fits into the trend of world development. And secondly, to create an information-cultural environment, which will be an important factor in the steady progress of economic, social and political system in Kazakhstan.
Information technologies in Kazakhstan is developing at a record pace. High rates are digitalization of information space – communication networks and the media.
Number of Internet users only in 2011 in Kazakhstan grew by more than 2 times and reached 8.7 mln. People, or half the country’s population exceeded. Almost Kazakhstan approached the general computerization of society.
Today, it is time, given the increasing role of information factor, develop a state program “Information Kazakhstan-2030”, which I mentioned in the report on the celebration of the 20th anniversary of Independence of the country.
First. This strategic document, it is important to put the problem of the practical implementation of “e-government”.
It is necessary to adopt a special law on “electronic government”, to develop standards for the provision of public electronic services.
It is necessary to empower the use of information technologies at the local level.
It should develop a three-tier model scheme “electronic akimat»: region, city, area.
You can also explore the possibilities of establishing a system of electronic evaluation citizens efficiency of akims of all levels, local officials and local authorities.
Local authorities should be under the most scrutiny of society!
Second. It is necessary to develop innovative forms of access to information, intellectual, radically expand the fund of the Kazakh national electronic library.
In fact, it is the electronic brain of the nation. Therefore, all the books published under the program of socially important publications should be included in KazNEB. Thus it is necessary to consider mechanisms to encourage placement of the books published privately.
Third. An important area of the program should be the modernization of the domestic media. The media should work on the basis of clear national standards of the Code of Journalistic Ethics, and the legal rules protecting consumers from false and distorted information.
Fourth. It should continue to promote the global information about Kazakhstan using the most modern information technology. In particular, it is necessary to expand the geography of information flows from Kazakhstan to East Asia and the Muslim world.
The subject of our special care should be persistent work in the information space of our partners in the EEA as a whole and in the Eurasian space.
It is important to convey to the population of the partner countries all the dynamism of the modernization process in Kazakhstan, making it an attractive example of the SES and the CIS.
1. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the end of 2012:
– To develop and submit a draft State Program “Informational Kazakhstan-2030”;
– Prepare a draft law “On the provision of public services in electronic form”;
– Proceed with the formation of standards for the provision of public services and control over their execution;
– Together with the akims of regions, region and country. Astana and Almaty to make proposals for the creation of a three-level template “electronic akimat»: region, city, area.
2. The Ministry of Culture and Information:
– In 2012-2013, to provide an extension of the Kazakh National Fund of electronic libraries;
– In cooperation with associations of journalists to develop a draft code of journalistic ethics;
– Develop a plan for the modernization of the domestic media.
New quality must find work in the field of culture. After all, culture is an essential component of social modernization, affecting the formation and development of modern man.
There is a paradoxical situation.
The country has 40 national and 8 thousand. Regional cultural institutions. Allocates huge funds.During the years of independence, the country opened 18 new theaters.
Over the past 10 years the number has increased by 579 libraries, museums – and 58 houses of culture – by 1.5 thousand.
At the same time, the level of attendance of cultural institutions behind the dynamics of the development of this sphere.
I want to pay special attention to the creative intelligentsia, that the share of the domestic cultural products (movies, books, plays, television programs) of social orientation, a man devoted to the labor of professionals is insufficient. The younger and the younger generation has little attractive examples of professionalism and qualification of productive labor. Culture is necessary, finally, to turn to the modern man of labor!
Remains insufficient exchange of information between regions of their economic and cultural achievements.
In the twenty-first century social employment meant much more than just employment. Social employment – is also mass events, which are organized under the coordination of local authorities by the society.
There is a wealth of foreign experience in the modeling of cultural life agglomerations and big cities of developed countries in Europe, America, Asia – public bicycle demonstrations, mass chess tournaments, city marathons, contests of national sports, agricultural festivals, carnivals youth theaters, children’s tournaments and many other gates in general is cost-effective measures.
I therefore appeal to all the governors: public, social life should be developed through a thoughtful mass of positive measures that enhance the stability of the atmosphere in each individual village, town, district center field.
International experience of self-organization of citizens, residents of small towns, and from an early age, must be used to create a system in Kazakhstan positive social activities that will promote the establishment of positive impact in their communities.
At the heart of modern, efficient mass cultural and entertainment events – directly involved in their organization and conduct of citizens and NGOs. It is necessary to study the issue of the adoption of a special law on mass events, model rules for local akimat to organize and conduct.
I recall that the concept of public and national holidays in Kazakhstan was adopted back in 2001.
Since then, new state holiday – the Day of the Capital, the Day of the First President’s Day of Defender of the Fatherland. Change the format of the celebration of Nowruz, the Constitution Day.
There are new professional and other holidays, for example, I initiated on Mother’s Day.
1. The Ministry of Culture and Information:
– Before 1 September 2012 to develop and adopt the industry five-year plan of modernization of the national socio-cultural products, forming a positive attitude to work, honest professional success, his motherland, high patriotic thoughts.
2. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the end of 2012:
– Develop and submit to the Parliament a draft law “On mass events”;
– To update the concept of the celebration of state, national, professional and other holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan, to develop and adopt standard rules of mass events;
– Together with the akims years. Astana, Almaty and regions to strengthen the exchange of information and cultural achievements between regions, to organize regular reciprocal “Weeks regions”, to develop a model of social events.
5. An effective system of governance of social processes
An important part of social modernization is an effective system of state management of social processes. This system should not work for myself and for the people.
At the moment, the entire structure of the state bodies, coordinates and directs the work in the social sphere, it continues to carry the deep imprint of the previous model.
Coordination at the level of the central executive work “social institutions” rather weak. At ministries and departments do not have a clear understanding of how to develop a modernization process within their individual industries.
Today it is necessary to adequately configure the system management of social processes.
Firstly, all the work on social modernization should be based on a single routine basis.
Secondly, it seems appropriate legal regulation of the civil service.
This applies to more than 1.5 million. Kazakhstanis including 370 thousand. And 184 thousand teachers. Doctors and other health care providers. They – the main force modernization. Their rights and duties shall be regulated on the legislative level. Without this, qualitative changes in the education and health systems will be difficult to achieve.
Third, the social processes should be thoroughly investigated.
The decisions on social issues should be calculated, based on science, taken in advance, t. E. Prior to their transition into the plane of social problems and conflicts. Therefore it is necessary to set up an adequate job on the state of scientific and expert structure and to facilitate the development of non-governmental analytical sector.
Fourth, it should be overcome “cabinet style” management of social processes.
Responsible public officials should conduct regular seminars leaders at all levels of management of social processes.
Fifth, it should build a clear chain of coordination of administrative units involved in issues of social modernization.
Sixthly, the control system must operate on the principle of partnership with non-governmental sector. The State, it is important to create and maintain a variety of platforms of dialogue, the joint organization of events.
And it should be on each management level.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
– Before the end of 2012 to develop and submit comprehensive proposals to improve the efficiency of the state management of social processes, including planning, coordination, analytical support, partnerships with non-governmental sector, etc .;
– Before the end of 2012 to study the issue of legislative regulation of the civil service;
– Until 1 July 2013 to draft a National Plan on social modernization until 2016.
Prospects for the development of innovative Agribusiness
The new stage of development, which is now in the agroindustrial complex of Kazakhstan requires the strategic objectives set by the industry.
Firstly, the population of the country should be provided in the required number of available high-quality food. Secondly, implementing a huge export potential, agricultural producers need to start the supply of such products that will be competitive and in demand on the world market. And both problems must be solved in parallel. To do this, agriculture needs to become profitable, and hence attractive for investment line of business.
In turn, in the modern world, profitability and competitiveness of the agricultural business are determined by the level of applied technologies. It is no accident the country – leading manufacturer and exporter of agricultural products – are both technology leaders in their respective fields of agricultural science.
It is known that used in agricultural research methodology for manufacturability not inferior to other knowledge-intensive traditional industries. At the same time it has its own specifics. If, for example, in engineering, medicine, chemistry, other areas can be overcome technological gaps through transfers of foreign technology, in agriculture, such opportunities are very limited. A feature of the industry is the fact that the performance of the highly affected by many factors: climate, soil parameters, water quality, the traditional pattern of pests and diseases. Therefore, each country has its own national system of agricultural research.
Agricultural science in Kazakhstan is historically one of the most important areas of science. Over the years, formed a network of industrial research and experimental organizations. Among them are started more than 100 years ago. There are three agrarian university – in Almaty, Astana and Uralsk. Their infrastructure in recent years has significantly upgraded held constant work to improve the quality of education. Also, we have established their own schools, recognized abroad.As a result of years of research has accumulated a unique store of knowledge about the conditions of agriculture in all climatic zones of Kazakhstan.
Domestic agricultural science, of course, focused on creating high-yielding varieties of plants and improve the gene pool of animals and the introduction of scientific developments into production, mainly vlagoresursosberegayuschih modern technologies. State priority supports actions aimed at improving the genetic potential of plants and animals, for example, subsidized up to 40% of the cost of elite seeds and breeding animals. With the full support of the state are determined by the quality of the seed shall be reimbursed the cost of production of original seeds, which stimulates the process of updating the main crops at the expense of new high-yielding varieties. With this acreage under grain varieties domestic breeding over the last 10 years increased by 2.6 times their share in the total area is 42%, or 6.8 million. Ha.
Every year in Kazakhstan to increase the area of application vlagoresursosberegayuschih technologies, and this year they have exceeded 12 million. Ha. This trend in crop production is one of the main trends in countries such as the USA, Brazil, Australia, Argentina and Canada. It is based, along with the rejection of the use of plowing the soil, laid and technological methods to combat the degradation of the soil structure, reduced fertility, loss of moisture, the fall in yields.
According to experts of the International Centre for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMIT), this year Kazakhstan took the 9th place in the world in the area of application of the zero technology, and the pace of the spread of water saving technologies – in the 2nd place after China. According to the same calculations, the estimated increase in the yield of wheat by the application of vlagoresursosberegayuschih technologies in Kazakhstan in the current year amounted to 720 thousand. Tons, or about 220 million. Dollars. This increase completely covers the expenses of the state to finance the entire system of agricultural research for 10 years. Behind these figures is the everyday painstaking work of scientists: thousands of experiments, hundreds of training sessions, issued dozens of recommendations.
Currently, Kazakhstan has created favorable conditions for modernization of agricultural production, agricultural producers sold leasing schemes, benefits and preferences provided to attract investments and technology to agriculture.
A promising direction in the development of agriculture is the widespread introduction of innovation in the agricultural sector through the creation of centers of dissemination of knowledge related to the research institutes, universities, experimental farms and agricultural producers. The system is currently the dissemination of knowledge in agriculture, created on the basis of “KazAgroInnovation” acts and the transmission link connecting the innovation system APC shall communicate scientific developments and innovations to a specific agricultural producers, thereby significantly increasing the competitiveness of its potential. So the scientific potential, which today is preserved and there is – it is an invaluable resource that will be the basis for further development of the national agricultural research system.
In recent years, issues of industrial-innovative development given absolute priority in the economic policy of Kazakhstan. New laws on science, on the state support of industrial innovation.To compete in the global market and to ensure their own food needs, we must create an effective system of research that exists today in the United States, France, Australia, Canada. Not by chance, speaking November 11, 2011 at the Congress of Agricultural Workers, Head of the State Nursultan Nazarbayev pointed out the crucial importance of this component, and instructed to develop a program of reform of the domestic agricultural science.
We intend to complete the reforms that were initiated in 2007 with the creation of the Ministry of Agriculture of the company “KazAgroInnovation”. Today JSC “KazAgroInnovation” actually is the operator of the sectoral innovation system, which included combined 23 research organizations, 14 experimental farms and 6 auxiliary organizations, which allows to operate according to the classic chain, “the generation of knowledge – testing and adaptation of knowledge – disseminating knowledge – application knowledge. ” At the same time JSC “KazAgroInnovation” endowed with functionality similar to such world-renowned organizations such as the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA (ARS USDA), National Institute for Agricultural Research of France (INRA), the National Agricultural Research Corporation of Brazil (EMBRAPA), National Institute of Agricultural Technologies of Argentina (INTA), and others.
In the future, we plan to rebuild the process of setting goals and the establishment of research programs, finally move to the practice of formation of the integrated scientific and technological programs using the mechanisms of program-oriented funding, to continue to develop tools for the implementation of research results into practice, taking into account the changed regulatory framework and accumulated over the past five years experience.
It is equally important to enhance interaction with the subjects of the business sector. To this end, we will actively involve farmers in the implementation of innovation policies in the agricultural sector at all stages, from setting goals to the actual scientific organizations conducting research on the basis of farms and the joint evaluation of the effectiveness of the results. Domestic business today is ready to participate in these processes, which is important.
One of the main directions of reforming agricultural science – it infrastructure modernization.Situation update it remains a serious constraint to the development of agricultural research.Today, the system of “KazAgroInnovation” share laboratory equipment older than 20 years is about 50%, while in foreign countries practiced replacement of basic equipment at intervals of 3-5 years. Over 70% of buildings in operation without major repairs over 30 years, need to be replaced more than 50% of agricultural equipment used in the service field trials. At this level of development of the scientific infrastructure in the agricultural sector to give a competitive innovative products is extremely difficult. In addressing this issue the main approach will be functional modernization of research organizations JSC “KazAgroInnovation” depending on their specialization and the actual building. The major research centers use advanced research techniques to generate new knowledge will be generated on behalf of the Head of the state scientific and educational centers in the villages of Science in Akmola and Almaty regions Almalybak. It will strengthen the role of regional research organizations, whose main task – to experience the best domestic and foreign developments in the conditions of a specific region to adapt them in conjunction with research organizations to further disseminate the best results among agricultural producers.
Taken together, the reform of the domestic agricultural science will help to build a competitive, effective system of agricultural research on the model of the most developed countries.
In 2013, we intend to complete all preparations for 2014 national system of agricultural research began operating under the new model. An important final result of reforms in agricultural science will be that the national system of research both in structure and content as well as on the mechanisms of control will meet the needs of agribusiness entities in innovation.
So our agricultural science has become a real factor of production, the locomotive of innovation development of agribusiness, which will ensure the achievement of the goals set by the Head of State.
, Asylzhan MAMYTBEKOV
Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Agreement on the regulation of socio-economic and labor relations in agriculture
Information on the list of professions in demand and the development of professional standards
Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – Ministry) under the unified tariff-qualifying directory of works and trades of workers qualifying handbook for managers, professionals and other employees in the sector of agriculture (forestry, fisheries, water management), and veterinary concerns 245 professions.
As a result, the reorganization of the public administration system, Water Committee, fisheries, forestry and hunting were transferred to other authorized bodies of the safety and the environment.
With this in mind, taking into account the 8 urovnevostprofessionalnyh standards (hereinafter – PS), remaining in Ministerstve202spetsialnosti were merged into 26 PS on activities that make up 4oblasti activities (livestock – 6 SS, Veterinary – 2 -10 agriculture, processing of agricultural products – 8).
The most in demand in the agricultural sector 9 specialties of higher and postgraduate education, the need for which for 2014 of 3045 specialists and 17 special technical and vocational education (5686 pers.).
The development of the individual PS on these specialties is required, they are included in the 26-PS.
At a meeting in August 1 this year MLSP 5 steps were presented for the development of MS.
The Ministry made the following measures:
1. Began forming banks: national experts on areas of professional activity; basic enterprises and educational institutions.
2. Completely filled with activities provided the second step.
3. Further work will take into account the recommendations of next steps.
In paragraph 2, the decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan from April 29, 2013 № 406 “On approval of the distribution and the use of funds for the development of professional standards for 2013”.
Ministry of the implementation of the decree provides for the development in 2013 godu26PS for the republican budget totaling 27,300 thousand. tenge of allocated budget program of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic Kazahstan146 “Ensuring the development of professional standards.”
PrikazomOtvetstvennogo Secretary-General of 5 August 2013 announced a competition for public procurement of services for the development of MS. Opening – 26 August this year
According to subparagraph 2 of paragraph 2 of Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated June 20, 2013 № 616 “On approval of the gradual development of a national system of qualifications.”
In accordance with Articles 138-4 and 138-6 of the Labour Code Ministry of Kazakhstan developed and approved by order of the Ministry of Agriculture:
1) Sectoral qualifications framework in the field of agriculture from May 8, 2013 № 20/217 (state registration by June 10, 2013 № 8503);
2) The rules of conformity assessment and assignment of specialists in the field agro-industrial complex “of February 20, 2013 № 20/88 (state registration by February 25, 2013 № 8344).
April 23, 2013 at the meeting of the Industry Council on the development of technical and vocational education and training, the Ministry of Agriculture (hereinafter – OS) were discussed and approved 7 PS in the field of agriculture and agro-processing, razrabotannyeKompaniey «PersonnelRecruitmentCenter« Career-Holdings »in the framework of the project” Modernization of vocational and technical education “, funded by the World Bank (in the field:” Agriculture “,” Storage and grain processing ” “Food production”, “Production of dairy products”, “Production of meat and meat products”, “Maintenance and repair of agricultural machinery”, “Mechanization of agriculture”).
For information: From 24 to 26 April this year for experts of branch departments and committees of the Ministry of Agriculture with the participation of experts Kompanii- developers SS seminars presentations on the methodology and the layout of the SS.
For the approval of these substations Order Ministry of Agriculture must be the expert opinion of the authorized body for labor. Letter of the Ministry of 15 May and 22 July 2013 data SS were sent to the MLSP to get an expert opinion, which has not yet been presented.
For information: June 11, 2013 held an extended meeting of the OS on the harmonization and simplification of formats of professional standards, descriptions of qualifications educational programs and technical and vocational education with the participation of international experts of the European Community project “Support of vocational education in the Republic of Kazakhstan.”
The work on the creation of the independent Center for certification of qualifications, the first of which is planned to create in 2014.
Gender aspects of agribusiness
Kazakh women today hold leading positions in all spheres of our society, including making a huge contribution to the development of agro-industrial complex.
The main agricultural department of the country pays great attention to issues of gender equality in the fields of agriculture, and in rural areas, where more than 47% the total population of the republic. Through the implementation of state programs for the development and support of small and medium-sized enterprises in rural areas, issues of employment conditions for women’s rights, there has been an increase in their activity in the socio-economic and socio-political life.
Among the staff of the central apparatus of the Ministry of 50% are women, of whom 26 persons (47.3%) hold executive positions in 2012 as Vice-Minister of Agriculture was appointed Sultanbaevna Gulmira Isayeva.
The subordinated and regional organizations working 1156 women are in managerial positions – 49 (9.1%).
The system of agricultural science (JSC “KazAgroInnovation”), the proportion of women researchers is 41.4% (566 pers.), Including among them doctors – 12.3% (22 people)., PhD – 37.9 % (182 pers.).
Women working in the vital areas and constitute the productive power of industry. The priority directions of development of women’s entrepreneurship in the rural sector include harvesting, processing and storage of agricultural products, the provision of veterinary services, as well as the production of garments and knitwear, services. In order to support and develop women’s entrepreneurship in rural areas focusing on the gender dimension, which is achieved through equal access to credit. After all, microcredit is a key tool for the development of entrepreneurship, reduction of rural poverty. As shown, small loan funds at reasonable interest rates for many of the villagers are the starting point in the formation of the initial capital and own business.
Not the first year through credit lines of subsidiaries group of companies JSC “NMH” KazAgro “carried microcredit households, the financing of commodity producers to develop business – purchase of modern agricultural machinery, technology and processing equipment, including leasing.
Lending conditions in these programs are the most favorable in comparison with other financial institutions and are available on an equal footing, regardless of affiliation to the floor. In 2012, a group of companies JSC “NMH” KazAgro “women were given 1,864 loans for $ 38.6 billion. Tenge.
Active growth of female entrepreneurship there is now only issued in the first half of 3313 loans totaling 43.6 billion. Tenge. In addition, in order to support gender equality in late 2012 launched the program “Sәttі.”
The implementation of the budget program “Information support of agribusiness entities gratis” “Kazagromarketing” last year through rural information centers and regional offices of the women provided 1821 consultations, and for the six months of 2013 – 1260 consultations.
Ministry constantly work towards the development of new instruments for financing the agricultural sector, while at the head of interests puts the diversification of production. These measures should encourage farmers in the introduction of advanced technologies. In order to enhance entrepreneurship in the regions of the republic competitions “Advances in the development of small and medium businesses”, which provides for the nomination “The best woman entrepreneur.” For example, in the North-Kazakhstan region in this competition was attended by 53 entrepreneurs the field, including 27 women. Awarded on the basis of tenders 15 people, among them – 8 women.
Government Decree on February 18, 2013 approved a new sectoral program “Agribusiness 2020”.Due to increased competition in the Customs Union and the forthcoming accession to the WTO, the aim of the program was to create conditions for improving the competitiveness of agribusiness entities.
To achieve the objectives of the program includes four areas: financial improvement; increase the availability of goods and services for the agribusiness entities; the development of public support systems businesses; increasing the efficiency of state regulation of agro-industrial complex.
Additionally, to increase agricultural production, improve the attractiveness and profitability of investment projects will be implemented state support in the form of a partial reimbursement of entrepreneurs for investment projects.
Also, in order to fulfill the orders of the Head of State to increase farmers’ access to finance in the implementation of the program provided for insurance and guarantee loans to agribusiness entities to financial institutions.
One of the challenges for manufacturers today is the high interest on loans for replenishment of fixed and current assets, resulting in higher production costs per unit of output and reduce its competitiveness. In order to solve the problem of reducing the financial burden will provide subsidies for interest rates on leases and loans to producers.
The program will create favorable conditions for business development in rural areas, will help to attract private investment in the sector, improve the efficiency of allocation of budget funds.
executive secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture